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(dĕm`ēûrj') [Gr.,=workman, craftsman], name given by Plato in a mythological passage in the Timaeus to the creator God. In GnosticismGnosticism
, dualistic religious and philosophical movement of the late Hellenistic and early Christian eras. The term designates a wide assortment of sects, numerous by the 2d cent. A.D.
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 the Demiurge, creator of the material world, was not God but the Archon, or chief of the lowest order of spirits or aeons. According to the Gnostics, the Demiurge was able to endow man only with psyche (sensuous soul)—the pneuma (rational soul) having been added by God. The Gnostics identified the Demiurge with the Jehovah of the Hebrews. In philosophy the term is used to denote a divinity who is the builder of the universe rather than its creator.



the term denoting, in philosophy, the creator of any source; and in theology, god, or the creator of the world. In ancient Greece its chief meaning was social: demiourgoi were the craftmen and merchants in the population, as opposed to the landowning elite (eupatridae), the farmers (geomoroi), and the people involved in free professions, such as doctors, poets, and singers.

References in periodicals archive ?
For him, music contravenes the demiurgical claim Kramer believes Hans-Georg Gadamer voiced when he said that "Language is not just one of man's possessions in the world, but on it depends the fact that man has a world at all" (p.
He makes visible, for the first time, the fact that, starting with the prologue, which generates by repetition of the word entwerfen an analogy between the demiurgical creation of the world and the literary production of the poem (p.
Though perhaps a striking rhetorical device for an enfant terrible to use in establishing himself as a presence who wanted others to imagine him as having a trailblazing historic destiny and demiurgical raison d'etre in razing his elders, Derrida's "rupture" was, and is, certainly not "the formless, mute, infant, and terrifying form of monstrosity" (293) tearing down the epistemological structure of the West he would have it to be.