We would not be far off in thinking of the demotic
phase of language as a product of the Renaissance, Reformation, and scientific revolution (GC 13), at least in so far as it becomes culturally dominant over the other forms--as the term demotic
(from the Greek, people) implies, it has always been used at a basic, concrete, everyday level.
Whereas diplomatic Europe is about finding reconciliation, demotic
Europe is about polarization.
Diplomacy tries to lower the temperature; the demotic
paradigm raises it.
It was Young, in particular, who made considerable progress in deciphering the Demotic
text, identified the hieroglyphic cartouches as containing the names of the Ptolemaic rulers, and tentatively identified a selection of alphabetic signs and words in the hieroglyphic inscription.
Gish's chapter, that begins with an excerpt of her 2009 interview with Liz Lochhead and Margery Palmer McCulloch and builds upon it a comprehensive discussion of Lochhead's creative use of demotic
and false Scots, somewhat reflective of Hagemann's earlier research into a variety of uses of demotic
Scots in drama.
Here Quack argues that much of the Demotic
prophetic literature allegedly containing anti-Persian sentiments derives from much older sources, SO it cannot be regarded as Ptolemaic propaganda against their Seleucid rivals.
The thirteen contributions, all in their original languages, cover such topics as royal letters of Mesopotamia, the justice system in Mesopotamia, the letter and middle Assyrian judicial procedures, the use and abuse of letters in the speeches of the Attic orators, evidence of business agents in classical Greece, Greek letters on stone, the evolution and use of demotic
contracts in letter form, and formalization of loan agreements in the later Ptolemaic period.
This unique artefact features a royal decree from Pharaoh Ptolemy V (196 BC) written in three texts: ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs, Demotic
and Ancient Greek.
A second chapter concentrates on demotic
language and Skelton's use of the opaque and seemingly nonsensical, especially in his poems in the Skeltonic metre, and a third explores his inventive capacity for using odd personae and quasi-dramatic scenes involving colloquial language.
What most of us are unfamiliar with is the later and specialised work in Egyptology, specifically in demotic
studies that deal with native script and culture of the late little-known Saite period, the twenty-sixth dynasty (624 to 525 BCE) up to and including the Roman period.
The discovery of the Rosetta Stone in Egypt's Western Delta in 1799 led to the deciphering of the hieroglyphic script by Jean-Francois Champollion since the three scripts on the stone, in hieroglyphic, demotic
and Greek, conveyed the same information.
Especially memorable are the very Rublevian yet 15th-century Hospitality of Abraham, the emotional dynamics of the 1690 Embrace of St Peter and Paul, and the powerfully demotic
work of the early 18th-century Dionysios of Fourna.