demyelination

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demyelination

[dē‚mī·ə·lə′nā·shən]
(pathology)
Destruction of myelin; loss of myelin from nerve sheaths or nerve tracts.
References in periodicals archive ?
Inhalant abuse can also cause widespread, permanent brain damage; toluene can cause demyelinization in the brain and peripheral nervous system.
Gene-nutrient interactions that compromise normal one-carbon metabolism are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (2), certain cancers (8), birth defects (9, 10), recurrent early pregnancy loss (11), central nervous system demyelinization (12), and neuropsychiatric disease (13, 14).
The process of vanishing myelin is called demyelinization.
Other suggested factors include demyelinization by HIV-infected glial cells, blocking of neuroleukin binding, dysfunction of the blood-brain barrier, and increased intracellular neuronal calcium.
17,21) Nonseptic encephalomyelitis was seen in some cases, and mild to severe demyelinization in the brain was also a common pathologic finding.
It is thought that SD develops due to axonal loss and demyelinization of the pathways that mediate the sexual functions in the central nervous system.