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1. a major subdivision or branch of the administration of a government
2. a branch or subdivision of learning
3. a territorial and administrative division in several countries, such as France



(Russian, departament).

(1) The basic administrative and territorial unit in France (in 1970 there were 95 departments). The organ of self-government in the department is the general council and the departmental commission that it elects. The prefect is the representative of the central government in the department.

(2) In some countries, the name of a government department or ministry, such as the State Department of the United States.

(3) The department in Russia was a subdivision of higher, central, and local institutions and sometimes an independent central institution. Departments existed from the 18th century to the early 20th century. A number of collegiums were divided into departments: the Collegium of Livonian and Estonian Affairs (1739), the Votchina (Patrimonial Estate) Collegium (1762), the collegiums of Justice and Financial Inspection and Auditing (1762 and 1763), and the Collegium of Foreign Affairs (1779). In the Admiralty and Military collegiums (1763 and 1780) departments were part of collegium subdivisions called ekspeditsii. On Dec. 15, 1763, the Senate was divided into six departments each headed by a chief procurator (by the mid-19th century there were 12 departments and in the early 20th century, six). The provincial reform of 1775 divided several local courts into departments.

In the late 18th and early 19th century a number of independent departments arose in Russia: the Department of Udely (Crown Domains), headed by a minister (established in 1797 and from 1826 to 1892 part of the Ministry of the Imperial Court), and the Department of Water Communications (1798-1809), headed by a main director. With the establishment of ministries on Sept. 8, 1802, departments were created within the ministries. In accordance with the General Establishment of Ministries of June 25, 1811, the departments became the main executive agencies of the ministries. A director headed each department, and it consisted of sections whose officials met in general sessions of the department. Some departments, such as the Police Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, acquired great independence within their ministries. From 1810 there were departments in the State Council. Departments were abolished after the October Revolution of 1917.


Eroshkin, N. P. Istoriia gosudarstvennykh uchrezhdenii dorevoliutsionnoi Rossii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1968. Chapters 5-11.


References in periodicals archive ?
The global departmental PACS market is driven by factors such as increasing need for efficient and integrated data storage, and rising government initiatives encouraging the use of advanced data storage technologies.
The IGP in light of the departmental inquiry report has dismissed DSP Saleem Jadoon from service with immediate effect and issued proper official order in this connection.
Specifically, the value-based approach changes the faculty focus from how they can advance the departmental mission to how they can earn points.
Storage consolidation: Using a network-centric appliance solution allows an easy and seamless way of consolidating capacities of small, departmental file servers with larger filers in the data center.
There is also an on-going effort to encourage departments to develop their own program assessment web sites that publicly display departmental assessment efforts (e.
Philosophy had, especially in the nineteenth century, spun off many disciplines, like psychology and anthropology, which now occupy independent niches in the departmental structures of our colleges and universities.
One of Viet's most interesting contributions is his distillation of a sense of corporate identity and psychology from divisional inspectors' annual reports, which synthesized and quoted liberally from the submissions of departmental foot soldiers.
The North American Departmental Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS) market is expected to reach $1,906.
PESHAWAR -- The IGP KP Nasir Khan Durrani has suspended SDPO Srai Naurang, closed him to Central Police Office Peshawar and ordered departmental inquiry against him with immediate effect.
PESHAWAR -- The Inspector General of Police (IGP) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Nasir Khan Durrani has dismissed DSP Rural Mardan from service in light of the departmental inquiry report against him with immediate effect, said a press release issued here from CPO on Tuesday.
Lot 1: toner for educational planning directorate -diplan-,lot 10: toner for the departmental education alta verapaz.

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