dependence


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dependence

[di′pen·dəns]
(medicine)
Habituation to, abuse of, or addiction to a substance.
(statistics)
The existence of a relationship between frequencies obtained from two parts of an experiment which does not arise from the direct influence of the result of the first part on the chances of the second part but indirectly from the fact that both parts are subject to influences from a common outside factor.
References in periodicals archive ?
If we continue on this haphazard course, our dependence on foreign petroleum imports is likely to grow, with potentially catastrophic results.
5] ensures that the extrapolation function becomes strictly linear for any shape of UCN spectrum in the trap and for any energy dependence of reflection loss coefficient [mu].
1% of the Canadian regular military forces reported symptoms consistent with one or more of the five mental disorders covered in the survey, or alcohol dependence, at some time during the 12 months prior to the interview.
In addition, functional polymorphisms of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH2) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) genes have been shown to have a significant impact on alcohol metabolism in the liver, and thus, may contribute to vulnerability to alcohol abuse and dependence, alcohol-related liver diseases and cancers.
More than 14,000 students completed the mail-in survey, which included questions about respondents' drinking habits and items that relate to criteria for diagnosing alcohol abuse or dependence.
teens and young adults, examine daily cigarette use but not nicotine dependence.
Clinician and educator Sidney Schnoll, MD, of the Medical College of Virginia, and Bonnie Baird Wilford of George Washington University's Intergovernmental Health Policy Project, agreed that popular concern about drug abuse and dependence is driving policy that ultimately harms most patients and confuses care-givers.
Substance abuse or dependence may go undetected among clients for at least two reasons.
The alcohol dependence market requires a paradigm shift away from the public perception that it is a behavioral disorder towards being regarded as a treatable medical condition.
A linear dependence term was unexpected, but definitely exists given the [+ or -]1 part in [10.
While people with alcohol dependence, marijuana dependence, schizophrenia-spectrum disorder, or more than one of these diagnoses constituted one-fifth of the sample, they were responsible for more than half of all self-reported and recorded violent crimes, the researchers report.