Management of opioid dependence
according to WHO treatment guidelines:
If we continue on this haphazard course, our dependence
on foreign petroleum imports is likely to grow, with potentially catastrophic results.
5] ensures that the extrapolation function becomes strictly linear for any shape of UCN spectrum in the trap and for any energy dependence
of reflection loss coefficient [mu].
1% of the Canadian regular military forces reported symptoms consistent with one or more of the five mental disorders covered in the survey, or alcohol dependence
, at some time during the 12 months prior to the interview.
In addition, functional polymorphisms of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH2) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) genes have been shown to have a significant impact on alcohol metabolism in the liver, and thus, may contribute to vulnerability to alcohol abuse and dependence
, alcohol-related liver diseases and cancers.
More than 14,000 students completed the mail-in survey, which included questions about respondents' drinking habits and items that relate to criteria for diagnosing alcohol abuse or dependence
teens and young adults, examine daily cigarette use but not nicotine dependence
Clinician and educator Sidney Schnoll, MD, of the Medical College of Virginia, and Bonnie Baird Wilford of George Washington University's Intergovernmental Health Policy Project, agreed that popular concern about drug abuse and dependence
is driving policy that ultimately harms most patients and confuses care-givers.
Substance abuse or dependence
may go undetected among clients for at least two reasons.
The alcohol dependence
market requires a paradigm shift away from the public perception that it is a behavioral disorder towards being regarded as a treatable medical condition.
A linear dependence
term was unexpected, but definitely exists given the [+ or -]1 part in [10.
While people with alcohol dependence
, marijuana dependence
, schizophrenia-spectrum disorder, or more than one of these diagnoses constituted one-fifth of the sample, they were responsible for more than half of all self-reported and recorded violent crimes, the researchers report.