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Related to deportation: Deportation Order


expulsion of an alienalien,
in law, any person residing in one political community while owing allegiance to another. A procedure known as naturalization permits aliens to become citizens.

Each nation establishes conditions upon which aliens will be admitted, and makes laws concerning them.
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 from a country by an act of its government. The term is not applied ordinarily to sending a national into exileexile,
removal of a national from his or her country, or the civilized parts of it, for a long period of time or for life. Exile may be a forceful expulsion by the government or a voluntary removal by the citizen, sometimes in order to escape punishment.
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 or to committing one convicted of crime to an overseas penal colony (historically called transportation). In international law the right to send an alien to the country to which he or she owes allegiance (or to any country that will accept him or her) derives from a government's sovereigntysovereignty,
supreme authority in a political community. The concept of sovereignty has had a long history of development, and it may be said that every political theorist since Plato has dealt with the notion in some manner, although not always explicitly.
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. In the United States, deportation is the responsibility of the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement of the Dept. of Homeland Security.

Except under the Alien and Sedition ActsAlien and Sedition Acts,
1798, four laws enacted by the Federalist-controlled U.S. Congress, allegedly in response to the hostile actions of the French Revolutionary government on the seas and in the councils of diplomacy (see XYZ Affair), but actually designed to destroy Thomas
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 of 1798 there was no American deportation law until the enactment in 1882 of a statute aimed at certain Chinese immigrants. The class of deportable aliens was subsequently enlarged several times, coming to include persons who before their entry into the United States were insane, feeble-minded, illiterate, or diseased in various ways. Many foreigners suspected of involvement in radical political activity were deported during the "Red Scare" of 1919. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 removed the statute of limitations on any kind of deportation.

The largest group of deported persons are those who have entered the country illegally. In the 1980s and 1990s expulsion of some of the numerous refugees from such Caribbean countries as Cuba and Haiti raised controversy. A deported alien cannot reenter the United States without special permission from the attorney general.



(also banishment, exile), in law, specific kinds of exile employed in the 18th and 19th centuries in accordance with French criminal laws.

The first deportation of politically unreliable people to Guiana was established by the 1791 law on suspicious people. Deportation for terms up to life was included in the French Criminal Code of 1810. A law of Mar. 23, 1872, defined exile as spending one’s life outside the boundaries of a continent in designated deportation areas. It provided for the establishment of a central deportation camp on the island of Nou and a fortified area (a fortress) on the Ducos Peninsula (New Caledonia). Deportation was used not only against recidivistic criminals but also as a reprisal against revolutionaries (in 1872 captured Communards were sent to islands in New Caledonia).

Deportation should be distinguished from other forms of exile used in France—transportation (forced labor with exile to Guiana or another French territory abroad) and relegation (a supplementary punishment in the form of exile, used for dangerous recidivists after they had served their terms in prisons of metropolitan France). Deportation has not been used since 1880.


1. the act of expelling an alien from a country; expulsion
2. the act of transporting someone from his country; banishment
References in periodicals archive ?
If you or a loved one is facing the possibility of deportation because of a criminal concern, or is in need of information or guidance about legalization or about the President's recent executive action, call The Law Offices of Henry A.
The UN refugee agency UNHCR and the local civil society organisations have been deploring deportation of Pakistani asylum seekers claiming that they were under serious threat if returned to Pakistan.
Expats overstaying their visas after they have expired will be fined SR15,000 and deported the first time, while second-time offenders will be liable to pay SR25,000, spend three months in jail and face deportation.
Following the amendments that were introduced after 2005, deportation became compulsory against all expatriate defendants who indulge in cases related to sex, honour, public indecency and breach of modesty before the Courts of Misdemeanours and First Instance respectively.
I'm not in favor of a deportation a mass deportation a effort, rounding up 12 million people and kicking them out of the country," Romney said during the forum on Wednesday.
He said that in the past year, 188 foreign nationals had left Scottish prisons, of whom 26 were released into the custody of the IND for deportation.
And neighbours in Hampshire Place, Usworth, say they will take to the streets and form a barricade to prevent the deportation.
It prompted calls for the Home Office to confirm whether or not the man had been considered for deportation.
Asked if deportation would proceed in all cases, he said: "What we need to do is consult fully in relation to that.
A RAPIST who should have been considered for deportation is accused of sexually abusing a girl of six.
SIR - The Prime Minister has promised all foreigners will be considered for deportation after completing their sentence for a serious offence, but even if deportation is recommended, many will remain in this country because they might be executed or tortured if returned to their own land.
He has told officials to speed through paperwork on deportation orders so that swoops on foreign-born terror sympathisers can go ahead in the next few weeks.