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(in psychology), an experience characterized by a more or less conscious notion of intention to accomplish some act (action). The realization of this act is experienced as the satisfaction of the desire. The word “desire” is most often used to mean an emotionally colored attraction toward some object. In this sense there is the connection of desire with feelings, emotions, and affects. Ethics and social psychology regard desire primarily from the viewpoint of its conditioning by social norms and values—in this sense desire is understood as an intention, more correctly as an impulse to achieve some goal, ideal, or daydream.

Desire is one of the most important elements of those psychological states of the personality that anticipate its behavior and activity. It characterizes primarily the motivational and volitional aspect of these states. Therefore, desire is described in psychology not only as an attraction (the emotional aspect) or striving (the value aspect) toward the object of activity but also as the will and intention of carrying out the very process of this activity. Will is understood here as the manifestation of the personality—that is, its volition, while intention is understood as the conscious inducement to realizing the action, which includes consciousness of the need for it.

The development of desire is determined both by the object of desire and the means and conditions of its satisfaction and by the persistence, duration, and strength of the desire itself. Depending on these factors desire may be feasible, unreal, contradictory, reckless, or purposeful. Desires, along with interests and convictions, characterize the conscious attitude of man to his activity.


Blonskii, P. P. “Psikhologiia zhelaniia.” Voprosy psikhologii, 1965, no. 5.
Rubinshtein, S. L. Osnovy obshchei psikhologii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1946.


References in periodicals archive ?
He banished her because he desired health, and believed, falsely, that he would get it by banishing her.
About half of women had two or three living children, and two-thirds desired a child at some point in the future.
Study instrument utilized was a self-designed questionnaire carrying demographic details, questions regarding living off-springs (total children/daughters/sons) and number of sons and daughters desired during marital life.
At this point, immediately before roasting, stuff turkey, if desired.
It is futile clinical care if the desired goals are not met or the desired results cannot be achieved.
First, Alling states that it is difficult to envisage only one explanation for the inaccessibility of the desired object, and equally as troublesome to apply Girard's model to all of the situations of the protagonists' desires.
Irene's managerial propensities and her insistence on routine are predicated on her desire for security; "to her, security was the most important and desired thing in life" (200).
The most commonly desired changes in the facility were having more suitable surroundings (e.
Tokens and gifts, O'Hara argues, "provided a language to express the actual or desired condition of negotiations which, at the same time, indicated to family, kin, and community, that crucial stages in the economic, social and political transaction had been reached" (1992, 19).
Being allowed to direct their own PAS means consumers get the services most desired and needed and on the terms most convenient for them.
Yet, I think Rowell misinterprets just what is being desired in still-life painting: it is not, after all, desire for the object - lust for a peach, a craving for carp - that propels the genre.
As the frequency of the sinewave input is increased, the command required to achieve the desired amplitude increases.