Desire

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Desire

 

(in psychology), an experience characterized by a more or less conscious notion of intention to accomplish some act (action). The realization of this act is experienced as the satisfaction of the desire. The word “desire” is most often used to mean an emotionally colored attraction toward some object. In this sense there is the connection of desire with feelings, emotions, and affects. Ethics and social psychology regard desire primarily from the viewpoint of its conditioning by social norms and values—in this sense desire is understood as an intention, more correctly as an impulse to achieve some goal, ideal, or daydream.

Desire is one of the most important elements of those psychological states of the personality that anticipate its behavior and activity. It characterizes primarily the motivational and volitional aspect of these states. Therefore, desire is described in psychology not only as an attraction (the emotional aspect) or striving (the value aspect) toward the object of activity but also as the will and intention of carrying out the very process of this activity. Will is understood here as the manifestation of the personality—that is, its volition, while intention is understood as the conscious inducement to realizing the action, which includes consciousness of the need for it.

The development of desire is determined both by the object of desire and the means and conditions of its satisfaction and by the persistence, duration, and strength of the desire itself. Depending on these factors desire may be feasible, unreal, contradictory, reckless, or purposeful. Desires, along with interests and convictions, characterize the conscious attitude of man to his activity.

REFERENCES

Blonskii, P. P. “Psikhologiia zhelaniia.” Voprosy psikhologii, 1965, no. 5.
Rubinshtein, S. L. Osnovy obshchei psikhologii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1946.

N. L. SATS and I. N. SEMENOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Lewis links Vertue and John more closely than MacDonald does the rusty knight and Anodos, but in both stories, these pairs cannot work in harmony together before the desirer takes the plunge into death.
In a parallel to her voiceover narrative, it offers a visual iteration of Lisa's wish to be both desirer and subject who is desired when it sees her both from her viewpoint and the perspective of an other.
Mais dans les cas ou -- selon les propres mots du cure - [much less than] ca laisse beaucoup a desirer [much greater than], qu' [much less than] un assez grand nombre manque la messe sans raisons suffisantes [much greater than], ou pire encore, [much less than] que presque personne n'y assiste [much greater than], force est alors d'admettre que l'assistance est mauvaise.
All these films portrayed Dandridge's interracial appeal as both inescapable and taboo, and specifically labeled these desires as "tragic," destructive to both desirer and desired.
Seeing violence as a tenet of desire is not new, but discussions of such violence generally cast the desirer as male (see Bersani and Clayton).
It would have been impossible because of the sheer accumulation of problems and intensity of the author's psychological investment (he drove himself sick, he tells us, just one hour before the performance): there was no human way he could have avoided wishing to die, "crever et desirer d'estre cent pies sous terre"; and it would have been inappropriate anyway because the audience would have been entitled to think that the author was not aware of his failure, or did not care about it.
Certes, les resultats sont la pour le conforter puisque les Verts sont toujours en lice dans les competitions auxquelles ils sont engages mais force est de constater que la qualite du jeu propose par ses capes, laisse beaucoup a desirer.
Une autre partie se situe dans les quartiers d'habitat anarchique et illegal ou la qualite des materiaux de construction laisse a desirer et les travaux sont souvent executes a la sauvette et dans la clandestinite.
En ce qui concerne le match, en revanche, la maniere a laisse a desirer.
As a result, Girard says, the rival himself becomes an object of desire, but an object of desire that always repudiates the advances of the desirer.
It would seem that the vision Zola had proposed in 1871, as he chronicled the first meetings of the National Assembly in Bordeaux, had been realized, at least on this matter of national interest: "Il serait a desirer qu'il n'y eut qu'un parti dans l'Assemblee, celui de la France, et que ce parti comprit la necessite absolue de l'Etat republicain, si l'on veut remettre la patrie debout" (Republique en marche 368).
Il met en lumiere l'evolution recente des motivations invitant les jeunes adultes a quitter le foyer familial, ainsi que le sens que cela prend pour eux ; desirer autonomie et independance est desormais une raison d'importance pour les protagonistes.