détente

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détente,

relaxation of tensions between nations, applied particularly to a period of improved relations between the United States and Soviet Union in the 1960s and 70s that resulted as the hostilities of the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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 diminished. Détente reached its height in such agreements as the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (1968), Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I, 1972; see disarmament, nucleardisarmament, nuclear,
the reduction and limitation of the various nuclear weapons in the military forces of the world's nations. The atomic bombs dropped (1945) on Japan by the United States in World War II demonstrated the overwhelming destructive potential of nuclear weapons
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), and the Helsinki Accords (1975; see Organization for Security and Cooperation in EuropeOrganization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
(OSCE), international organization established as the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) in 1973, during the cold war, to promote East-West cooperation. Headquarters are in Prague, Czech Republic.
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). After the Soviet invasion of AfghanistanAfghanistan
, officially Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, republic (2005 est. pop. 29,929,000), 249,999 sq mi (647,497 sq km), S central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Iran on the west, by Pakistan on the east and south, and by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan on the
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 (1979; see also Afghanistan WarAfghanistan War,
1978–92, conflict between anti-Communist Muslim Afghan guerrillas (mujahidin) and Afghan government and Soviet forces. The conflict had its origins in the 1978 coup that overthrew Afghan president Sardar Muhammad Daud Khan, who had come to power by ousting
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), relations between the two superpowers worsened. The crisis in Poland that resulted from the crackdown on SolidaritySolidarity,
Polish independent trade union federation formed in Sept., 1980. Led by Lech Wałęsa, it grew rapidly in size and political power and soon posed a threat to Poland's Communist government by its sponsorship of labor strikes and other forms of public protest.
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, an escalation of the arms race, and U.S. President Ronald ReaganReagan, Ronald Wilson
, 1911–2004, 40th president of the United States (1981–89), b. Tampico, Ill. In 1932, after graduation from Eureka College, he became a radio announcer and sportscaster.
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's strong anti-Soviet stance brought an end to détente in the early 1980s.
References in periodicals archive ?
I hope all three leaders a Moon, Kim and Trump a will keep benefiting from the favorable atmosphere for detente and produce a real breakthrough in achieving denuclearization and bring peace to Northeast Asia.
Rather than offer them detente to ease nuclear tensions, Reagan labeled the Soviets the 'evil empire.
As NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg insists, there is no contradiction between detente and deterrence.
Addressing a meeting with UAE Investors and businessmen at Al-Amarat Palace Monday evening, the Minister said the fruits of detente would be reaped by all, affirming that the economic and investment forum , which will be hosted by UAE, will avail opportunity for the two countries to cement ties and increase investments and that the improvement of relations will contribute to increase of exports and trade exchange.
His Cuban counterpart, Raul Castro, welcomed the announcement but said detente would not lead Cuba to change its single-party political system or centrally planned economy.
Larijani stressed Iran's policy of detente and increasing interactions in the region, since doing so "will help establish sustainable security, meet all sides' economic interests and safeguard their honor".
Hanhimaki (international history, Graduate Institute of Geneva) describes the American foreign policy of detente from 1968 to 1980 when American administrations attempted to redefine their relationship with the Soviet Union in order to increase predictability and reduce the potential of direct military confrontation.
Marche monetaire: retour a l'equilibreet detente des taux Attijaria Intermediation signale une detente des taux sur le compartiment interbancaire et repos du marche monetaire.
Summary: Why detente with Iran is a historic game changer.
La situation est sur la voie de la detente avec l'apparition de signes positifs pour le consensus et la conclusion des trois processus, le 12 janvier 2013, et le Dialogue national progresse a pas surs, a affirme, samedi, le secretaire general de l'UGTT, Houcine Abassi, dans des declarations rapportees par les medias.
However, the few years of detente retreated and tensions became the headline of relations governed by caution and mistrust.
Summary: Elite Guards say 'Death to America' will remain their slogan, regardless of signs of detente between Islamic republic and Washington.