care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Consultant, trainer, pioneer & global leader in life sciences successfully applying ergonomics and safety engineering to humanize the care of babies and provide family centered developmental care for every newborn (healthy, ill, or premature) reducing cost, improve healthcare outcomes and improve family/patient satisfaction.
Individualized developmental care for the very low-birth-weight preterm infant.
As part of the developmental care approach, developmentally supportive positioning (DSP), is described by Jorgensen (2000:1) to include midline orientation, hand-to-mouth activity and foetal flexor patterns.
The initial cost is high to change the physical environment of the NICU and train the professional staff in newborn individualized developmental care and assessment.
The preterm infant care services market is receiving a boost due to the rise in developmental care awareness.
An Angels spokesman said: "We will initially be providing around-the-clock services of skilled, neo-natal nurses who specialise in premature infant developmental care.
Coverage includes fetal development and growth; obstetric issues, labor, and delivery; family-centered and developmental care in the neonatal intensive care unit; general neonatology; cardiology; dermatology; endocrinology and metabolism; fluid, electrolytes, and renal disorders; gastroenterology and nutrition; genetics; hematology; infection and immunity; neurology; orthopedics; pain management in the neonate; pulmonology; and surgery.
This article explored the development of an accurate scale for measuring the implementation of the developmental care principles with respect to the handling and positioning of the infant as well as to determine the impact of a training programme on neonatal nurses care of the preterm infant.
Hope4Kids, which is based on the High/Scope child development model, pursues three goals for every family coming to Hope: Providing high-quality developmental care for children while living at Hope.
Prior Information Notice: Building contracts are works (reconstruction, adjusting and demolition) Developmental care center.
Since the surgery, neonatologists, pulmonary, nutritionists, child life developmental care team and other specialists have closely followed the twins to ensure that they receive the best clinical care as they thrive and grow.
The preterm infant requires developmental care that is designed to minimise the stress that the infant experiences within the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

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