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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP)-Family-centered developmentally supportive care.
The neonatal developmental care (NDC) is based on Al's (1) synactive theory; it states that newborns possess the capacity to communicate their needs through physiological and conductive signs.
Ann said: "The driving force behind my work is the hope of making a difference for the future progress of developmental care in the UK.
A hospital-based clinic that coordinated medical, nutritional, and developmental care for medically complex children throughout a single state markedly cut health costs, according to a study published online in the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.
This evaluation results in a developmental care plan.
Chapters are organized by body system and include discussion of embryology, anatomy, physiology, and best practice, and topics such as obstetric issues, surgery, the neonatal environment, thermoregulation, respiratory difficulties, congenital conditions, nutrition, neurology, the dying infant, developmental care, infection, and ethics.
The Westside Infant-Family Network received $30,000 to provide developmental care for infants and toddlers.
Become a member of or develop a NICU developmental care committee.
This work also led to the establishment of the Developmental Care Credential through the National Association of Neonatal Nurses.
Parents should be educated about common behaviors and developmental needs of preterm infants and can be assisted to learn developmental care strategies, such as targeted stimulation, positioning, interaction, and feeding skills based on individual infant characteristics.
Developmental care differs from conventional care in that it involves an individualized approach to caregiving, such as coordinating clinical interventions to prevent frequent interruptions during infant sleep and positioning/bundling the infant to prevent disorganization and promote self-regulation (Als, 1992; Als et al.
A Harvard Medical School study reported in the September 21, 1994, Journal of the American Medical Association showed that caregiving by newborn intensive care unit (NICU) nurses specifically trained in individualized developmental care markedly affected the developmental outcome of such infants.

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