dharma


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dharma

(där`mə). In HinduismHinduism
, Western term for the religious beliefs and practices of the vast majority of the people of India. One of the oldest living religions in the world, Hinduism is unique among the world religions in that it had no single founder but grew over a period of 4,000 years in
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, dharma is the doctrine of the religious and moral rights and duties of each individual; it generally refers to religious duty, but may also mean social order, right conduct, or simply virtue. Sacred law is the codification of dharma, and Hinduism itself is also called Sanatana Dharma [the eternal dharma]. In BuddhismBuddhism
, religion and philosophy founded in India c.525 B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha. There are over 300 million Buddhists worldwide. One of the great world religions, it is divided into two main schools: the Theravada or Hinayana in Sri Lanka and SE Asia, and
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, dharma has two distinct meanings: it refers to religious truth, namely Buddhist teaching as the highest truth; it is also used as a technical term to denote a constituent element of experience, or any existing thing or phenomenon.

dharma

See CASTE.

Dharma

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The Hindu understanding of the word "dharma" is difficult to translate. Roughly, it refers to the order of the world and the moral behavior of those in it. But that doesn't really capture its all-encompassing meaning. Hinduism is very comfortable with things that really can't be pinned down with a concise definition. After all, creation came before language, so it is only logical to think there are limitations in expression. Dharma includes all that there is, so it naturally follows that the basic concept of the word has fuzzy outer edges that can't quite be contained by scientific categories.

In Buddhism, however, the word is easier to grasp. The Buddha used the word to refer to the doctrine he taught, beginning with the Four Noble Truths, the Eightfold Path, and the Middle Way (see Buddhism).

Dharma

 

a Sanskrit word used in the ancient and medieval literature of India to express very varied concepts, including law, religion, obligation, justice, soul, and custom. Of all these concepts, the basic one is that which refers to the group of religious, moral, social, and family obligations placed on a human being by the laws and customs of his varna and caste. The observance of these precepts supposedly secures the successful transmigration of the soul or even the freeing of the soul from the influence of karma. In Buddhist literature the word dharma meant above all the teaching of Buddha.

Dharma

multi-faceted concept of morality, truth, doctrine. [Hindu Rel.: Parrinder, 77]

dharma

1. Hinduism social custom regarded as a religious and moral duty
2. Hinduism
a. the essential principle of the cosmos; natural law
b. conduct that conforms with this
3. Buddhism ideal truth as set forth in the teaching of Buddha
References in periodicals archive ?
In the chapter on "Post-Vedic Brahmanical Dharma," Hiltebeitel lays out an interesting case for the affinity of the Apastamba-Dharmasutra and the Mahabharata and opposes these to the other dharmasutras, Manu, and the Ramayana, which "can be said to tighten up the more pluralistic, flexible, and 'broad' dharma of the Mahabharata" (p.
Along with the governments putting in place appropriate policies for sharing the benefits of economic growth among all sections of the society, the rich people in the world have to share with the needy their resource as a part of their moral and social responsibility in order to restore dharma in the economic sphere.
The second day of the Dharma Sansad on Monday will finally give its declaration on Sai Baba.
Manohar Shinde, chair of the Dharma Civilization Foundation, said he envisions the new Dharma Center at the Graduate Theological Union as a community of scholar--practitioners who will enrich discourse on contemporary issues from a dharma--centered perspective.
The Dharma Patanjala has only traces of the dyadic Sanskrit sloka followed by Old Javanese explanation that is characteristic of such works as the Vrhaspatitattva and the Tattvajnana.
This is an extraordinary, rich contribution to scholarship, which will surely stand as the definitive work on the Dharma Patanjala for the foreseeable future.
I don't actually know how well Dharma speaks English," Bertrand admitted.
Staying in tune with the divine play requires great discipline, which yields benefits that Arjuna ought not strive for but reap as a consequence of selfless actions done according to his dharma.
When executives don't have the same minds, are not on the same plane, do not share the same enthusiasm, couldn't care about a company's values and so on, how can they have a combined dharma that translates into a combined corporate entity?
Drawing on a wide range of Buddhist and historical sources, including the Jiaxing Buddhist canon, monastic gazetteers, Chan recorded sayings and lamp records, rare sources from the Manpukuji archive in Japan, as well as Dharma transmission records from the Shanghai Library, Wu successfully highlights the robust activities, dialogues and disputes among the various Chan communities in the seventeenth century.
Lim's Just Dharma was initially comprised of 1,200 individually handmade white translucent porcelain lotuses suspended from the ceiling by threads and electrical cords.