Neuropathy

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Related to diabetic neuropathy: diabetic diet, Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

neuropathy

[nu̇′räp·ə·thē]
(medicine)
Any disease affecting neurons.

Neuropathy

 

a functional weakness of the nervous system accompanied by a decrease in the absolute threshold (also called the stimulus, or sensitivity, threshold); the condition is frequently congenital.

Neuropathy arises as a disturbance in the function of the autonomic nervous system owing to deleterious influences on the fetus as a whole (for example, infection in the pregnant mother, trauma, or poisoning) or on the individual embryonic cells (as occurs when the parents suffer from alcoholism). Family circumstances, upbringing, and illnesses suffered by the infant play a role in the pathogenesis of neuropathy. The symptoms usually emerge in childhood or adolescence. When neuropathy occurs in early childhood, disturbances of sleep and appetite are most characteristic; the infant has difficulty in falling asleep, awakes easily, suckles poorly, and frequently spits up. Later, vomiting occurs, and either diarrhea or constipation develop.

From the preschool years on, increased general excitability and the rapid onset of fatigue and exhaustion are observed, in addition to continued disturbances of sleep and appetite. Children who suffer from neuropathy blush easily in response to irritation. Motor hyperactivity, nervous tics, and stammering are frequent. In adolescence, autonomic-vascular instability becomes more acute, as evidenced by frequently occurring nervous palpitation, abrupt shifts in blood pressure, headaches, dizzy spells, and fainting spells. The prognosis is favorable, with the neuropathic symptoms usually disappearing with age.

REFERENCES

Simson, T. Nevropatii, psikhopatii i reaktivnye sostoianiia mladencheskogo vozrasta. Moscow-Leningrad, 1929.
Sukhareva, G. E. Klinicheskie lektsii po psikhiatrii detskogo vozrasta, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.

L. M. SHMAONOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Malik pioneered the development of a novel diagnostic exam for diabetic neuropathy, which involves live imaging of the patient's cornea through a special microscope.
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These data support the evolving concept that [high blood lipid levels are] instrumental in the progression of diabetic neuropathy," researchers concluded.
Unless you look for diabetic neuropathy and systematically test, you can miss the diagnosis," Dr.
The company intends to seek approval for persistent pain indications such as diabetic neuropathy.
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While conventional medications can ease the symptoms of the condition, diabetic neuropathy has to date been considered irreversible.
The causes are probably different for different varieties of diabetic neuropathy.
There is a distal-to-proximal gradient in nerve fiber loss in diabetic neuropathy, and the potential for reversibility will likely be in a proximal-to-distal manner.
Since diabetic neuropathy develops very slowly, it's essential to study its effect over a long period of time," he says.