(redirected from diachronic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.



(1) A set of methods of linguistics intended for the analysis of the historical development of a language.

(2) The corresponding area of general linguistics, which is opposed to synchrony. According to F. de Saussure, the subject of diachronic linguistics is the relations that connect elements in a historical sequence that is not perceived by one and the same collective consciousness—the elements replacing one another but not forming a system. The subject of synchronic linguistics is the logical and psychological relations that connect coexisting elements and form a system (how these elements are perceived by one and the same collective consciousness). C. Bally accepted Saussure’s view of synchrony and diachrony. The majority of linguists, while accepting the opposition of synchrony and diachrony itself, reject its absoluteness (the Swiss scholar A. Sechahaye, the Belgian scholar E. Buyssens, E. Coseriu). N. S. Trubetzkoy, R. O. Jakobson, and others, following Baudouin de Courtenay, believe that diachronic study does not exclude the concept of system and that synchronic description cannot entirely exclude the concept of evolution. Most modern linguists share this opinion. From the very beginning, the categorical nature of the opposition of synchrony and diachrony has been alien to Russian linguists, although this opposition is, in itself, justified as a methodological technique.


O sootnoshenii sinkhronnogo analiza i istoricheskogo izucheniia iazykov. Moscow, 1960.
Saussure, F. de. Kurs obshchei lingvistiki. Moscow, 1933. (Translated from French.)
Coseriu, E. “Sinkhroniia, diakhroniia i istoriia.” In the collection Novoe v linqvistike, issue 3. Moscow, 1963.
Budagov, R. A. Problemy razvitiia iazyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
Baudouin de Courtenay, I. A. Izbrannye trudy po obshchemu iazykoznaniiu, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1963. (Translated from French.)


References in periodicals archive ?
This is what Diem calls a "resumptive sentence," and StP exists only in a diachronic perspective.
And this reconstructs an isomorphic objection to (a) above: Just like its diachronic counterpart, the synchronic money pump also trades on rare circumstances.
Chapter 6, which introduces the central idea of Generalised Conditionalization (GC), CLF's diachronic updating rule that replaces traditional conditionalization.
The comparison has shown a difference in classification, a different approach to quantitative analysis, and a suggestion that Hogg & Fulk's (2011) model is actually a mixture of the two approaches, especially considering the fact that declensional variants are accounted for with diachronic information.
Drawing from her research on the "Old Reich" as well as synthesizing a host of other scholars' work, Schorn-Schutte is able to offer both a synthetic and diachronic view of the socioeconomic and educational backgrounds of Protestant and Roman Catholic clergy.
In fact, the diachronic exploitation trend reconstructed by Vanmontfort for the Hainaut region (Vanmontfort 2008: Figure 3), and its subsequent deviation from all other studied regions, proves the significant hindrance of these methodological issues for a comparative regional analysis.
While the field of First Testament theology has yielded a great number of diachronic treatments, Levenson argues, the Sinaitic covenant itself renders a synchronic understanding of religious truth that is fundamentally at odds with these treatments but at home within the rabbinic system.
in the Aristotelian corpus highlight diachronic diversity, (20) and in the light of this, I suggest that taking the [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
In Chapter 1 Anderson points out that the same element may occur in a single language and synchronic state as bound element, auxiliary and lexical verb, thus indicating a clear diachronic relationship between present auxiliaries and former verbs.
There is room for debate both about the war's effectiveness in achieving these goods and about whether they are all relevant, but the point remains that there are surely some relevant good effects that must be included in proportionality calculations, and the simplistic diachronic approach just described fails to take account of them.
Is the infamous project of "speaking with the dead," let alone of reading the dead's account books, necessarily confined to recovery of the past (whether that past is viewed as a synchronic "moment" or as a diachronic "process")?
Such historicization raises a host of diachronic issues.