diacritic


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diacritic

A diacritic (or diacritical mark) is a mark added to a letter, usually to indicate a specific pronunciation of that letter.
Of the various languages using the Latin alphabet, English is one of the few that generally does not use diacritical marks. Those words that do contain them are typically foreign loanwords whose diacritics have been retained in English. The most common of these that appear in English are known as accents (either acute, as in café, or grave, as in vis-à-vis).
There are, however, a few diacritics that are used in native English words.
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diacritic

A small mark added to a letter that changes its pronunciation, such as an acute accent (á), a grave accent (à) and a cedilla (ç).
References in periodicals archive ?
If the mapping works correctly, searching without diacritics should find all pages containing the word with or without the diacritics, based on AltaVista's explanation of its mapping of the multinational characters.
Although the superscript [j] is commonly encountered (especially in older literature) as a diacritic meaning "palatalized," the symbols [c] and [[?
The Hungarian language employs 8 digraphs, one trigraph, and 9 letters with diacritic marks.
Note to Editors: In systems where the ring diacritic does not appear above the "a" in "Kare Dybvik," please spell as "Kaare Dybvik.
Diacritic Symbols: dakuten, handakuten, yoh-on, sokuon, and long mark
A search for "Dvorak," on the other hand, works just fine, as the system does not associate any diacritic with his name.
The challenge for the OCR engine when recognizing Arabic text is discriminating between diacritic marks and `noise' on a scanned page, isolating individual characters in the script-like Arabic text, and identifying Arabic characters that frequently change shape depending on the location of the character in a word.
Using a Macintosh computer, the author prepared camera-ready copy with all the necessary diacritic marks in addition to Chinese characters.
50 OPAC record support, "while" loop added to WebZ language, and diacritic processing in index building.
The Kharosti simply followed the Semitic model, attaching the diacritic to the sign for the (consonantal) phoneme aleph.
Aspiration was marked by an apostrophe-like diacritic, which could be written at any point after the initial consonant of a syllable and was in fact quite often added in absolute final position.
2 We report a diacritic case of an HIV-infected patient, who developed extensive DLE.