Laparoscopy

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laparoscopy

[‚lap·ə′räs·kə·pē]
(medicine)
A method of visually examining the peritoneal cavity by means of a long slender endoscope equipped with sheath, obturator, biopsy forceps, a sphygmomanometer bulb and tubing, scissors, and a syringe; the endoscope is introduced into the peritoneal cavity through a small incision in the abdominal wall. Also known as peritoneoscopy.

Laparoscopy

 

the diagnostic examination of the abdominal cavity and its organs through a puncture of the abdominal wall with an optical instrument called a laparoscope; first performed in 1901 by the Russian obstetrician-gynecologist D. O. Otto.

The laparoscope consists of a trocar (a stylet with a sheath); an illumination and optical system; and attachments for taking a piece of tissue or organ, still and motion pictures, and X-ray contrasts of the biliary tract. The laparoscopy is performed with local anesthesia under aseptic conditions. The choice of site for the puncture depends on the region or organ being examined. A single puncture allows examination of the organs of the abdominal cavity and peritoneum within limits defined by the length of the optical system.

References in periodicals archive ?
51), dignostic laparoscopy was superior to conventional preoperative investigations in detecting peritoneal carcinomatosis and diagnostic laparoscopy changed the management of up to 59.
This is the tubal-peritoneal factor in the structure of female infertility that determines a need in the diagnostic laparoscopy for women with infertility longer than 1 year.
After excision of the inguinal mass, it is recommended to do diagnostic laparoscopy since it is reported that 91 Percent of inguinal endometriosis cases are associated with coexisting pelvic endometriosis17.
The penetrating feature of the wound without eventration of the organs or active bleeding were the indications to the diagnostic laparoscopy and then to the conversion, if it was the necessity for it.
Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed when there was inability to conceive for = 2 years and certain factors contributing to infertility (male factor, sexual dysfunction and ovulation failure), were excluded.
A 23 year old women with a history of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) underwent diagnostic laparoscopy to investigate cyclical pelvic pain and dyspareunia.
Medline Plus provides "Easy to Read" health materials about numerous topics, such as diagnostic laparoscopy, general anesthesia, angina, asthma, and neurosurgery (National Library and National Institutes of Health, 2008).
Adcock planned to proceed with a diagnostic laparoscopy and probable left oophorectomy.
The participants were randomized to purely diagnostic laparoscopy or surgical ablation.
The Linns alleged that Fossum negligently failed to diagnose an injury to Beth's ureter caused by another doctor during a diagnostic laparoscopy.
The diagnostic laparoscopy with hysterosalpingography (HSG) can be helpful to diagnose the tubal pathology.

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