Laparoscopy

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laparoscopy

[‚lap·ə′räs·kə·pē]
(medicine)
A method of visually examining the peritoneal cavity by means of a long slender endoscope equipped with sheath, obturator, biopsy forceps, a sphygmomanometer bulb and tubing, scissors, and a syringe; the endoscope is introduced into the peritoneal cavity through a small incision in the abdominal wall. Also known as peritoneoscopy.

Laparoscopy

 

the diagnostic examination of the abdominal cavity and its organs through a puncture of the abdominal wall with an optical instrument called a laparoscope; first performed in 1901 by the Russian obstetrician-gynecologist D. O. Otto.

The laparoscope consists of a trocar (a stylet with a sheath); an illumination and optical system; and attachments for taking a piece of tissue or organ, still and motion pictures, and X-ray contrasts of the biliary tract. The laparoscopy is performed with local anesthesia under aseptic conditions. The choice of site for the puncture depends on the region or organ being examined. A single puncture allows examination of the organs of the abdominal cavity and peritoneum within limits defined by the length of the optical system.

References in periodicals archive ?
Diagnostic laparoscopy has a significant role to play when conventional imaging is inadequate.
For examples of clinical guidelines, see Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons Committee on Standards of Practice, Revised Guidelines for the Clinical Application of Laparoscopic Biliary Tract Surgery (1999); Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons Committee on Standards of Practice, Revised Guidelines for Diagnostic Laparoscopy (1998); Charles Chapron et al.
Imagyn has pioneered such procedures as microlaparoscopic cholecystectomy, tubal sterilization and diagnostic laparoscopy.
Diagnostic laparoscopy in this era has a major role in the management of rare causes of intestinal obstruction such as abdominal cocoon (5).
In a study by the Canadian Collaborative Group on Endometriosis that included 341 infertile women with mild endometriosis who underwent either a diagnostic laparoscopy or resection or ablation of visible endometriosis, pregnancy rates nearly doubled with removal of endometriotic lesions.
Investigators compared levels of six cytokines-interleukin-1[beta] (IL-1[beta]), IL-6, Il-8, Il-12, IL-13, and tumor necrosis factor-[alpha] (TNF-[alpha])--in blood and peritoneal fluid obtained from women undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy for pain, infertility, tubal ligation, or sterilization reversal.
Phillips said the diagnostic laparoscopy only takes six minutes and has a 99 percent accuracy rate.
She underwent diagnostic laparoscopy which revealed an abscess cavity in the image identified location.
Surgical treatment ranged from diagnostic laparoscopy to hysterectomy, and medical treatment consisted of pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and physical therapy.
As her clinical and haematological parameters did not improve with conservative treatment, a diagnostic laparoscopy after 48 hours was performed.
Conservative treatment with excision, ablation, or both can be undertaken when patients undergo diagnostic laparoscopy.

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