diamond anvil

diamond anvil

[′dī·mənd ′an·vəl]
(engineering)
A brilliant-cut diamond of extremely high quality that is modified to have 16 sides and has the culet cut off to create either a flat tip or a flat surface followed by a bevel of 5-10°.
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References in periodicals archive ?
High-P-T experiments will be conducted in a diamond anvil cell with three different kinds of heating techniques: laser heating, external-resistive heating, and internal-resistive heating.
The aim of this work is to use a novel approach to investigate the pyrolysis process by applying a diamond anvil cell (DAC).
The researchers took a microscopic high-pressure cooker called a diamond anvil cell (within a tiny space about as wide as a pencil lead), in which they combined ingredients: aluminum oxide, water, and the mineral olivine.
To generate an accurate picture of the temperature profile within the Earth's centre, scientists can look at the melting point of iron at different pressures in the laboratory, using a diamond anvil cell to compress speck-sized samples to pressures of several million atmospheres, and powerful laser beams to heat them to 4000 or even 5000 degrees Celsius.
After a review of basic concepts of material strength, chapters cover nonferrous alloys, steels and super-alloys, sinter materials, pressure transmitting media, and various types of cells, including liquid/gas and clamp pressure cells, McWhan-type cells, sapphire and diamond anvil cells, uniaxial pressure cells, and Paris-Edinburgh cells.
Goncharov, Hemley and many other scientists probe hydrogen and other materials by crushing them between two small diamonds in a machine known as a diamond anvil cell.
Pressure is induced by the utilization of a diamond anvil cell with synchrotron radiation providing intense x-rays for monitoring electronic and atomic behavior.
For example, the diamond anvil pressure cell was invented "by scientists of different interests, different research activities and different backgrounds, who interacted on a professional level and recognized an opportunity to make a significant contribution to scientific research.
For pressure, Benedetti used a contraption called a diamond anvil cell.
As for new planets, experimental techniques are being developed on pulsed power facilities, lasers, gas guns and diamond anvil cells to probe the properties of matter under the relevant extreme conditions of pressure and compression.
Piermarini (1957-present) Diamond anvil cell, ruby technique, high pressure x-ray diffraction of single crystals, powders, polymers, RDFs and IR spectroscopy at high pressures.
By combining high pressure with high temperature, a Livermore team created a diamond aerogel from a standard carbon-based aerogel precursor using a laser-heated diamond anvil cell.