Diaspora

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Diaspora

(dīăs`pərə) [Gr.,=dispersion], term used today to denote the Jewish communities living outside the Holy Land. It was originally used to designate the dispersal of the Jews at the time of the destruction of the first Temple (586 B.C.) and the forced exile [Heb.,=Galut] to Babylonia (see Babylonian captivityBabylonian captivity,
in the history of Israel, the period from the fall of Jerusalem (586 B.C.) to the reconstruction in Palestine of a new Jewish state (after 538 B.C.).
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). The diaspora became a permanent feature of Jewish life; by A.D. 70 Jewish communities existed in Babylonia, Syria, Egypt, Cyrene, Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome. Jews followed the Romans into Europe and from Persia and Babylonia spread as far east as China. In modern times, Jews have migrated to the Americas, South Africa, and Australia. The Jewish population of Central and Eastern Europe, until World War II the largest in the world, was decimated in the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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. Despite the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, the vast majority of the Jewish people remains in the diaspora, notably in North America, Russia, and Ukraine. The term diaspora has also been applied to other peoples with large numbers living outside their traditional homelands. See JewsJews
[from Judah], traditionally, descendants of Judah, the fourth son of Jacob, whose tribe, with that of his half-brother Benjamin, made up the kingdom of Judah; historically, members of the worldwide community of adherents to Judaism.
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; JudaismJudaism
, the religious beliefs and practices and the way of life of the Jews. The term itself was first used by Hellenized Jews to describe their religious practice, but it is of predominantly modern usage; it is not used in the Bible or in Rabbinic literature and only rarely
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.

diaspora

(from the Greek dia, through, and speiro, scatter) the situation of any group of people dispersed, whether forcibly or voluntarily, throughout the world. Referring particularly to the Jewish experience, the term may be applied to any comparable migrant groups. In a world ever more subject to GLOBALIZATION, diasporic communities are increasingly a feature of the world and the social and political implications of these are much studied. See also POST-COLONIAL THEORY.

Diaspora

 

the residence of a significant portion of a people (ethnic group) outside their native land. Diasporas have occurred as a result of forced deportation, the threat of genocide, and economic and geographic factors. Originally the term “diaspora” denoted the existence of Jews outside Palestine, especially after their exile by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II at the beginning of the sixth century B.C. and by the Romans in the first and second centuries A.D. Subsequently, the term was applied to other ethnic and religious groups, such as the Armenians, Irish, Chinese, and early Christians.

Diaspora

1. 
a. the dispersion of the Jews after the Babylonian and Roman conquests of Palestine
b. the Jewish communities outside Israel
c. the Jews living outside Israel
d. the extent of Jewish settlement outside Israel
2. (in the New Testament) the body of Christians living outside Palestine
3. a dispersion or spreading, as of people originally belonging to one nation or having a common culture
References in periodicals archive ?
The proposed amendment of the Electoral Act 2010 by the legislative Bill, to grant voting rights for Nigerians in the Diaspora contravenes neither the Nigerian constitution nor any other known law in Nigeria.
Those taking part are chairman of the State Committee for Work with Diaspora Nazim Ibrahimov, TurkPA Secretary General Ramil Hasanov, Secretary General of the Cooperation Council of Turkic-speaking countries Halil Akinci, deputy chairman of the World Association of Kazakhs Talgat Mamashev, head of the Department for the Affairs of Turks Abroad under the Turkish Cabinet of Ministers Kemal Yurtnac, Director of the Department of Employment and Migration under the Kyrgyz Foreign Ministry Keshtakbek Aytymatov, Turkish Foreign Ministry officials and other authorised representatives are expected to attend the event.
But this mutual interest among diasporas and homelands has raised a number of significant issues about membership and belonging.
3) Bercovitch, Jacob, "A neglected relationship: Diasporas and conflict resolution", in: Hazel Smith and Paul Stares, (eds), "Diasporas in Conflict: Peace-Makers or Peace-Wreckers?
3) In addition, diasporas differ from a transnational relationship because they refer not only to people linking the home state with a specific host state, but also to the link between the various groups residing outside the country of origin throughout the world.
DiasporaEngager services are tailored to meet the need of the global diaspora e.
No matter their ethnic or racial background, national Christian leaders and churches, as well as diaspora Christian leaders and churches, are all part of a global church.
What if all the African Diasporas are granted the right to vote in their countries of origin?
What are the theoretical implications of the use of new media spaces by diasporas for our conceptual understandings of both the notion of diaspora and the phenomenon of new media?
Modern diasporas call on us to imagine our national communities in innovative ways.
The New African Diaspora is the second collection of essays devoted to the diffusion patterns of Africans into the global context.
The connections that today's diasporas retain with their communities of origin differ substantially from those held by previous generations of ethnic migrants.