Common quail (Coturnix coturnix) were subjected to controlled and replicated experiments in the summer of 2008 to investigate the effects of short-term dehydration on cholinesterase activity in brain and plasma, and the interaction between dehydration and exposure to the organophosphorus pesticide dicrotophos
in these same tissues.
51 Global Dicrotophos
Market, by Geography 2008 - 2015 ($Million)
Other insecticides known to cause bird mortality events include the OPs monocrorophos, dicrotophos
, methamidophos, and parathion, and the MC aldicarb (Friend and Franson 1999).
Insecticides used included aldicarb (Temik[R]150 g/kg, Bayer Crop Science, Research Triangle Park, NC), dicrotophos
(Bidrin[R]480 g/L E, Amvac Chemical Corporation), and thiamethoxam (Centric[R]400 g/kg WG, Syngenta Crop Protection, Greensboro, NC).
In one study, male starlings exposed to dicrotophos
insecticide decreased their singing, displaying, flying and foraging activities by 50%.
Fetal weight reduction was also due to butachlor and dicrotophos
in ToxRcfDB (U.
TABLE 59 GLOBAL DICROTOPHOS
PESTICIDE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 76