# difference

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## difference

1. Maths
a. the result of the subtraction of one number, quantity, etc., from another
b. the single number that when added to the subtrahend gives the minuend; remainder
2. Logic another name for differentia
3. Maths of two sets
a. the set of members of the first that are not members of the second.
b. symmetric difference the set of members of one but not both of the given sets.

## difference

contrast, unlikeness. Three interrelated but distinct usages of the term are important:
1. (within SAUSSURE's linguistic theory) the presupposed (or ‘absent’) contrast(s) in any signification, necessary because meaning is never present in individual signifiers but gained (and never fully or finally) by contrast with other signifiers;
2. (for DERRIDA) an emphasis above all, on the open-endedness of différence and djfférance, as undermining ‘several kingdoms’, including the ‘metaphysics of presence’ and the ‘logocentrism’ of traditional philosophy (as well as some of Saussure's interpretations of his own linguistics). See also DECONSTRUCTION.
3. (more general use of the term) cultural differences of any kind.

Compare OTHERNESS.

## Difference

a comparative description of objects, based on the fact that properties present in some objects are lacking in others. In materialist dialectics, “difference” is understood as a necessary moment in every thing, phenomenon, and process, characterizing its inner contradictoriness and development.

The category of difference is inseparable from the category of identity. The closest connection and mutual interpenetration of difference and identity occurs in the course of the reflection of the movement and development of objects, when difference exists within identity, and identity within difference. The objective basis for the unity of difference and identity is the unity between the stability and the changeability of things. In this unity, stability is manifested as the identity of the changing object with itself, and changeability, as a violation of this identity, or as difference within identity.

## difference

[′dif·rəns]
(mathematics)
The result of subtracting one number from another.
The difference between two sets A and B is the set consisting of all elements of A which do not belong to B; denoted A-B.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Chapter 8, "Difference and Cultural Identities in Aotearoa New Zealand: Pedagogical, Theoretical, and Pragmatic Implications of the Josie Bullock Case," Shiv Ganesh states that his "objective is to situate pedagogical issues in organizing difference with reference to contemporary cultural and political tensions in Aotearoa, New Zealand" (p.
Despite their fundamental importance, the minimum difference of interest and the type II error rates are rarely referred to when authors report their 'no statistically significant difference' results.
The usage "a difference that makes a difference" is usually ascribed to the non-aristotelian (in the korzybskian sense) anthropologist Gregory Bateson, who used it in the Alfred Korzybski Memorial Lecture that he gave for the Institute of General Semantics (IGS) in 1970.
The studies Fine came across were often conducted with small numbers of men and women, where the differences seen could have been due to chance.
Because the barriers to progress appear to have all but crumbled, it is common to assume that any of the remaining differences are due to innate, biological factors that naturally separate men and women.
A comparison between tutored and tutorless PBL small groups found no significant difference in content mastery or student satisfaction.
I think we should all be helping these boys make a difference.
Contrary to Wright's recommendations, however, the wheelchair was intentionally made the most salient feature of the photograph differences.
In order for us to examine the question of "differential effects," we need to create a difference score:
The concern over enrollment differences for day and resident camps were not evident in these data.
By contrast, it is unrealistic (and most likely infeasible) to expect that all health disparities could be eliminated because even under conditions of a fair and just distribution of opportunities and social conditions, health status differences would persist because of a) chance (including biological variation); b) health-promoting or health-damaging behaviors that are freely chosen; and c) life-cycle differences in health status (Kawachi et al.
As noted in the schedule's instructions, for any item of income, gain, loss, deduction or credit for which there is a difference between column (a) and column (d), the portion of the difference that is temporary is entered in column (b), while the permanent portion is placed in column (c).

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