# difference

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## difference

1. Maths
a. the result of the subtraction of one number, quantity, etc., from another
b. the single number that when added to the subtrahend gives the minuend; remainder
2. Logic another name for differentia
3. Maths of two sets
a. the set of members of the first that are not members of the second.
b. symmetric difference the set of members of one but not both of the given sets.

## difference

contrast, unlikeness. Three interrelated but distinct usages of the term are important:
1. (within SAUSSURE's linguistic theory) the presupposed (or ‘absent’) contrast(s) in any signification, necessary because meaning is never present in individual signifiers but gained (and never fully or finally) by contrast with other signifiers;
2. (for DERRIDA) an emphasis above all, on the open-endedness of différence and djfférance, as undermining ‘several kingdoms’, including the ‘metaphysics of presence’ and the ‘logocentrism’ of traditional philosophy (as well as some of Saussure's interpretations of his own linguistics). See also DECONSTRUCTION.
3. (more general use of the term) cultural differences of any kind.

Compare OTHERNESS.

## Difference

a comparative description of objects, based on the fact that properties present in some objects are lacking in others. In materialist dialectics, “difference” is understood as a necessary moment in every thing, phenomenon, and process, characterizing its inner contradictoriness and development.

The category of difference is inseparable from the category of identity. The closest connection and mutual interpenetration of difference and identity occurs in the course of the reflection of the movement and development of objects, when difference exists within identity, and identity within difference. The objective basis for the unity of difference and identity is the unity between the stability and the changeability of things. In this unity, stability is manifested as the identity of the changing object with itself, and changeability, as a violation of this identity, or as difference within identity.

## difference

[′dif·rəns]
(mathematics)
The result of subtracting one number from another.
The difference between two sets A and B is the set consisting of all elements of A which do not belong to B; denoted A-B.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are indications of gender differences in the use of, response to, and acceptability of teasing behaviors.
At lower capacities, the difference in usable capacity, which is that utilized to store primary data, for the two RAID level/drive capacity configurations is not significant, but starting around 2TB, the difference becomes significant and grows from there.
Reframing Difference in Organizational Communication Studies: Re-search, Pedagogy, Practice.
The null hypothesis invariably applies to a particular magnitude of difference (equal to the minimum difference of interest used in the power/sample size calculation).
For certain purposes, specific differences may not make a difference; what is important is that we realize that differences exist and that we recognize the conditions under which they do make a difference.
But when neuroscientists habitually check for sex differences, some researchers, just by chance, will find statistically significant differences between the two groups-even if there's no real difference between men and women overall.
Despite these facts, differences in mathematical ability are still observable and documented, though the truth of the situation is far from the overtly sexist and overly simplistic notion that girls are bad at math.
The difference between tutored and tutorless groups is in who learns and applies the procedures.
Next, the researchers looked to see whether the sex differences turned up primarily among maintenance genes, which keep up cells' general functions, or among genes that contribute to each organ's specific role.
In exploring ethnic differences of opinion, the sample was collapsed into Hispanic students (n=21) and non-Hispanic students (n=9).
Alerting parents to the relationship between early nonsexual relationships and subsequent early initiation of sexual intercourse, the impact of age differences between partners, the importance of supervision and monitoring even in seemingly "innocent" situations and the effect of early menarche are good examples of the specific guidance that they need.
Next to "Variable 1 Range:" type "H3:H13," as the differences for the minority students (ethnic = 1) are in those rows of column H.

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