difference

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Related to differentia: differential, differential diagnosis

difference

1. Maths
a. the result of the subtraction of one number, quantity, etc., from another
b. the single number that when added to the subtrahend gives the minuend; remainder
2. Logic another name for differentia
3. Maths of two sets
a. the set of members of the first that are not members of the second.
b. symmetric difference the set of members of one but not both of the given sets.

difference

contrast, unlikeness. Three interrelated but distinct usages of the term are important:
  1. (within SAUSSURE's linguistic theory) the presupposed (or ‘absent’) contrast(s) in any signification, necessary because meaning is never present in individual signifiers but gained (and never fully or finally) by contrast with other signifiers;
  2. (for DERRIDA) an emphasis above all, on the open-endedness of différence and djfférance, as undermining ‘several kingdoms’, including the ‘metaphysics of presence’ and the ‘logocentrism’ of traditional philosophy (as well as some of Saussure's interpretations of his own linguistics). See also DECONSTRUCTION.
  3. (more general use of the term) cultural differences of any kind.

Compare OTHERNESS.

Difference

 

a comparative description of objects, based on the fact that properties present in some objects are lacking in others. In materialist dialectics, “difference” is understood as a necessary moment in every thing, phenomenon, and process, characterizing its inner contradictoriness and development.

The category of difference is inseparable from the category of identity. The closest connection and mutual interpenetration of difference and identity occurs in the course of the reflection of the movement and development of objects, when difference exists within identity, and identity within difference. The objective basis for the unity of difference and identity is the unity between the stability and the changeability of things. In this unity, stability is manifested as the identity of the changing object with itself, and changeability, as a violation of this identity, or as difference within identity.

difference

[′dif·rəns]
(mathematics)
The result of subtracting one number from another.
The difference between two sets A and B is the set consisting of all elements of A which do not belong to B; denoted A-B.
References in periodicals archive ?
As we employ the use of signs as the genus proximus, the differentia specifica of picture use contrasting it with other types of sign acts might be related with the two remaining criteria of Jonas.
The material distinction between dry and wet exhalation is an obvious dichotomous distinction and would seem to be a good candidate for the first differentia in a dichotomous series.
Bad negative ads, however, produce something differentia backlash or boomerang.
We in the Western world, raised in the Judeo-Christian tradition or in the light of its humanist residua, are mostly inclined to see pity as an integral, perhaps even instinctual aspect of the human differentia specifica.
Or granting there are points, how can it be thought the same thing to add an indivisible point as to add, for instance, the differentia of an ordinale in a parabola, which is so far from being a point that it is itself divisible into an infinite number of real quantitys whereof each can be subdivided in infinitum, and so on according to Mrs.
In the same manner, matter has been regarded prior to form, and genus to differentia.
Productions are constantly changing and always rehearsing something differentia.
Considerar a la nueva civilizacion de la Democracia Participativa como alternativa sistemica al neoliberalismo mundial, requiere explicitar su differentia specifica frente al capitalismo, tarea que se aborda en este ensayo en el nivel de la economia politica y para la fase de transicion hacia el nuevo socialismo.
That, alongside the ability to harness human sources when necessary, provides all the differentia an intelligence team needs to succeed in comparison to any industry's editorial output.
To differentia te multiples from primary reflectors may require direct velocity measurements of sandstone and dolomite or an additional seismic reflection experiment with new acquisition parameters.
Voucher privatizations, therefore, quite unintentionally provided an empirical test of one of the key issues in an almost forgotten, but once famous, controversy in the economic theory of socialism: whether a socialist economy (whose differentia specifica was the public ownership of the capital and natural resources) could allocate its resources to replicate a perfectly competitive outcome.