2]O is formed upstream, prior to lift-off length, but is consumed downstream by high temperature regions of diffusion flame
The contributions that make up the main body of the text cover a variety of subjects, including mass transfer modeling into disk spaces of heat turbomachines, molecular dynamics simulation of lubricant depletion instability under laser heating, diffusion flame
stability of low calorific fuels, and others.
1 are idealized chemical formula for the volatile thermal decomposition products that enter the diffusion flame
, mix with oxygen, and react to form complete and incomplete combustion products and liberate heat.
Soot processes in a turbulent methane diffusion flame
for which experimental data are available in the literature, are simulated numerically.
According to David Haugen of EPA's Lab, high rates of oxidizing nitrogen are avoided by managing oxidation of fuel in the diffusion flame
At the end of diffusion flame
occurs a smoldering flame.
Flame inhibition measurements are less frequently made on diffusion flames
, due to the difficulty in defining a fundamental flame strength parameter such as burning velocity and also the strong geometrical influences on diffusion flame
Fundamentals: Proton affinities and metal-ion affinities of important species are determined in a number of ways and in comparison with those obtained using molecular orbital calculations: small inorganic and organic molecules (Bohme and Hopkinson), oxides and hydroxides produced in a hydrogen diffusion flame
(Goodings and Hopkinson), and amino acids and peptides (Fournier, Hopkinson and Siu).
Equilibrium studies, employing a 59 kW laboratory-scale combustor, examine the behavior (volatility, particle size, and speciation) of the metal vapors and particles produced by aqueous metal solutions sprayed through a swirling natural gas diffusion flame
This means that the changeover from the diffusion flame
to premix flame mode can be made before 85% base load is reached.
Combustion occurs in a boundary layer diffusion flame
adjacent to the surface of the solid propellant.
When diffusion flame
structure is fully established at 1.