diphosphate


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diphosphate

[dī′fäs‚fāt]
(chemistry)
A salt that has two phosphate groups.
References in periodicals archive ?
1994) Monoclonal antibodies to poly(adenosine diphosphate ribose) recognize different structures.
In the surface functionalization as shown in Figure 8, the activated carbon C1 of NAM in this structure will couple to the activated carbon C4 of NAG part of the growing peptidoglycan utilizing the release energy of diphosphate.
Both individuals who contracted HIV had tenofovir diphosphate levels indicating that they took fewer than two doses of PrEP per week, and therefore had lower protective levels.
Plants produce many types of terpenoids that are all generated from the same precursors: IPP and its isomer DMAPP, which are catalyzed by their corresponding enzymes to synthesize geranyl diphosphate (GPP), farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) and geranylgeranyldiphosphate (GGPP; Tholl, 2006).
This family of enzymes removes phosphates from ATP, one by one, producing adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and adenosine that have different effects on cells by binding themselves to P2 (ADP and AMP) and to PI (adenosine) receptors.
They settled on two classes of enzymes - three pinene synthases (PS) and three geranyl diphosphate synthases (GPPS) - and experimented to see which combinations produced the best results.
The exogenous lyc gene has a transit peptide sequence attached so it is targeted to the plastid, where geranylgeranyl diphosphate formation occurs.
The oral antiplatelet agents used in conjunction with aspirin for the prevention of cardiovascular thrombotic events in patients with ACS are the adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor antagonists.
The scheme will have a production capacity of 16 million tonnes per year of phosphate concentrate, sulphuric acid and phosphoric acid as well as plants to produce calcium monophosphate and calcium diphosphate, Mden said previously, with phosphate production expected to start in late 2016.
Mevalonateisthenconverted to isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) through three enzymatic reactions catalyzed by mevalonate kinase (MevK), phosphomevalonate kinase (P-MevK), and mevalonate diphosphate decarboxylase (PP-MevD) [6, 59].