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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Those who work in direct care are the front line workers who assist aging and disabled Iowans in their homes, in nursing and assisted living facilities, hospice, hospitals, group homes and other settings.
In the primary role analysis, responses were compared from nephrology nurses who identified their primary role as a direct care (staff) nurse or manager/administrator.
Each dependent variable is regressed on the state minimum direct care staffing requirements 365 days prior to the OSCAR survey date ([MDCS.
That the staffing plans include ratios of the maximum number of patients that may be assigned to a direct care nurse or CNA.
Satisfactory completion of this direct care experience should be a pre-condition to continuation in nurse training.
The research study which has been completed showed that involving direct care nurses in decision making positively impacts the quality of patient care.
Extending minimum wage and overtime protections to home care workers has been the Direct Care Alliance's flagship issue since the Supreme Court ruled against Evelyn Coke," says Leonila Vega, executive director of the Direct Care Alliance (DCA).
To solve this labor market problem, we're going to have to attract other workers who have other opportunities than direct care work," said Dorie Seavey, director of policy research for PHI, a New York City nonprofit organization, and author of a recent report stating that nearly half of direct care workers nationwide earn wages close to the poverty level.
This study was intended to measure knowledge change of direct care staff upon administration of an oral health education completed by lecture materials and/or hands on training.
This work has released more time for nurses to deliver direct care to patients, resulting in faster access to tests and treatment.
The Direct Care Worker Advisory Council continues to meet to address issues of concern.
14, it was conducted in partnership with a survey by the New Hampshire Coalition for the Direct Care Workforce.

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