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a. a ground for legal action; matter giving rise to a lawsuit
b. the lawsuit itself
2. (in the philosophy of Aristotle) any of four requirements for a thing's coming to be, namely material (material cause), its nature (formal cause), an agent (efficient cause), and a purpose (final cause)


any immediate, or more indirect, factor precipitating an outcome. See also CAUSALITY AND CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP.



a phenomenon that directly determines or gives rise to another phenomenon, the effect. In the real world all phenomena and processes are in a state of universal connection and interaction. The concept of “cause” presupposes the singling out of a particular group of phenomena or a system, within the framework of which a causal relation is established between particular phenomena and processes.

Every phenomenon is grounded in several others and is determined by them, its causes. In the process of cognition the researcher inevitably goes beyond the mere description of facts and turns to an investigation of the laws of their origin, development, and functioning, seeking the causes that determine the corresponding properties of a particular object. The movement of thought from description to causal explanation is the movement of cognition from outer to inner, from phenomenon to essence.

As the basis and essence of the effect, the cause functions as the originating and determining element in the relationship between phenomena. The interconnection and mutual conditioning of phenomena take an innumerable variety of forms. Accordingly, the types of causes are extremely diverse. In modern science causes are classified by the most varied criteria. Thus, depending on the nature of the causal relations, causes are classified as ideal and material, informational and energetic (energeticheskie), dynamic and statistical, simple and compound, single-factor and multiple-factor, systemic and nonsystemic, external and internal, primary and nonprimary, objective and subjective, and so on.

It is customary to distinguish the cause from the circumstances of its operation. In the social sciences, causes are distinguished from reasons—the processes contributing to the formation and manifestation of causes. Consideration of the diversity of phenomena gives rise to the conception of causality as a fundamental feature of reality.



Actions, omissions, events, conditions, or a combination thereof, which led to the accident or incident investigation (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
Riyadh, Rabi'I 7, 1435, Jan 8, 2014, SPA -- A senior Saudi Arabia's health ministry official today disclosed that the number of those who have contracted Corona virus, a direct cause of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), amounted to 141 cases in Saudi Arabia, out of them 57 passed away.
The advancement of liberalism is a direct cause of the destruction of the black family.
The new requirements, introduced on July 8, oblige utilities to put in place for the first time specific countermeasures against possible severe accidents like reactor core meltdowns, as well as against huge tsunami -- the direct cause of the nuclear crisis at Tokyo Electric Power Co.
The Perm police, who saw the disturbing video on YouTube, started an investigation into the incident after viewing the physical abuse, which they want to find out if it was the direct cause of the patient's death.
This study transforms our understanding of the direct cause of Alzheimer's disease," Principal Investigator Dr.
China's one-child policy and traditional preference for male heirs has led to gender-selective abortions and adoption, considered to be the direct cause of the gender imbalance.
The headline refers to comments attributed to Colonel Mohammed Showaiter, acting director-general of the Civil Defence Directorate who identified a gas leak as the direct cause of the recent fire which killed 13 workers.
This 'abandonment' of the patient was the direct cause of death in 6% of 92 anaesthetic deaths documented in the 2008--2010 report.
Tattooing in and of itself may pose a risk for this disease that can lay dormant for many, many years," said study co-author Fritz Francois of New York University Langone Medical Center, although he warned that the study could not produce a direct cause and effect.
It said that any hike in prices of oil products would become a direct cause of high living cost for both UAE nationals and non-nationals.
A background paper produced for the committee puts forward a number of conditions and factors that can contribute to a baby's death, while not necessarily being the direct cause.
Yet the EU failed to stop genocide in the Balkans and today the folly of the euro is the direct cause of massive strains in Europe.