Direct Speech

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direct speech

Direct speech refers to the direct quotation of something that someone else said. It is sometimes known as quoted speech. Because the quotation happened in the past, we put the reporting verb into the past simple tense, but we don’t change the verbs used within the quotation. We also punctuate sentences in a certain way when we use direct speech in writing.
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Direct Speech


(direct discourse), an utterance introduced word for word into an author’s speech or text. Unlike indirect speech, direct speech preserves the individual and stylistic peculiarities of the speech of the person whose utterance is being quoted, including dialect features, repetitions, pauses, and parenthetic words. Direct speech is introduced without conjunctions or personal pronouns, with verb forms indicating the relationship of the speaker to the utterance. An example of direct speech is the following: You said, “I’ll return late.” In indirect speech, this would be: You said that you would return late.

In Russian, direct speech is usually set off in text by quotation marks or by an indentation and a dash. Direct quotations are considered a variety of direct speech.

References in periodicals archive ?
That is, the mediating objects of the first phase are not sufficient of themselves to enable one to stand on one's own two feet and speak the mediated objects of direct discourse in one's present situation.
A theology that would mediate in direct discourse between a cultural matrix and the significance and role of a religion within that matrix will be mediating what Christians believe as true and value as good, not with a relatively stable set of cultural meanings and values, but with an emergent set required to meet the exigencies of the present social order.
One cannot move from indirect to direct discourse without passing through the "mediating subject.
Although Sayida Huda maintains a narrative distance from her mother, only rarely reporting her direct discourse or describing her directly, the mother's voice in the narration belies the narrator's attempt to freeze her as a lethargic figure.
Still, ever the gracious hostess of her pages, Sha'rawi allows him the last words in her own narrative, giving him a generous portion of direct discourse with which to exit with dignity (her husband's passing is not even noted in the text).
The unusual presence of the passe compose (compound past)--"et ce mot, Alice l'a devine"--softens and naturalizes this transition from a tense of narration (imparfait) to a tense of direct discourse (present).
The diegesis is the second part of the narrative and consists of narration, direct discourse and indirect discourse.
In general, the narrator produces the commentary and - for our purposes at the moment--the narration, while direct discourse stems from the character and is thus seemingly imported by the narrator for the narrative.
Loysen examines the mediating role of the narrator, Leon Ladulfi, who presents himself as an outsider responsible for transcribing and arranging the propos of the four old "rustics," whose speech is represented through direct discourse to create "realistic scenes of oral exchange" (163).
Here the shift from the language of proverbs to direct discourse is in itself significant.
The absence of direct discourse, it is true, prevents us from interpreting you as a term of address in the strict sense; the narrative does not here represent someone uttering you to someone else.
Direct interior monologue qua direct discourse is by definition expressed "in the first person.