direct effect


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direct effect

[də′rekt i′fekt]
(physical chemistry)
A chemical effect caused by the direct transfer of energy from ionizing radiation to an atom or molecule in a medium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chapter ix Direct Effect, the Test and the Terms; In Praise of a Capital Doctrine of EU Law
In what scientists term a direct effect, the particles reflect sunlight back toward space, blocking some of the radiation originally headed toward Earth's surface.
For all the uncertainty about sulfur's direct effect, climate researchers face an even more daunting task in gauging its indirect influence.
Correcting the CPI for its current biases (which still leaves other earlier upward biases, such as the almost as large housing bias in the 1970s, inflating the numbers) will certainly have a large direct effect on our fiscal future.
CODi has identified the direct correlation between carrying case weight and its direct effect on the human body.
The river's water quality has direct effect on environmentally sensitive crops in Ventura County such as strawberries and avocados.
2] > 0, then we are likely to correctly conclude that Z has an indirect effect on Y (confounding), but incorrectly conclude that Z also has a direct effect on Y.
NEW YORK -- Borrower benefit programs, have a direct effect on excess spread, a primary form of credit enhancement for student loan ABS backed by Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) loans and, thus warrants a closer look, according to Fitch Ratings in a special report.
The next step was to quantify the effect of IQ on potential earnings by an individual over the course of a lifetime, which must take into account both the direct effect of cognitive ability on earning potential and its indirect effects on schooling and employment.
Kulkarni and his colleagues observed changes in beta cell mass out of proportion with the degree of obesity, suggesting that MCH had a direct effect on islets.
We're still trying to determine if it's a direct effect on the adipose cells and how they differentiate or proliferate, or whether it's a disruption of the endocrine feedback loops.
When asked about his main platform, Buchanan combined his views on illegal immigration with foreign policy, in which he has said American troops should only fight overseas if there is a direct effect on the U.