Conclusion: The detection rate of diabetic retinopathy using FFA is higher than that using direct ophthalmoscopy
6 have been reported to be 64% and 96%, respectively, using direct ophthalmoscopy
C/D ratio was evaluated by direct ophthalmoscopy
(66 Vision, Suzhou, China) by experienced ophthalmologists.
Abstract: Seventeen adult captive American flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber ruber) (34 eyes) underwent a complete ocular examination, including assessment of menace response, pupillary light reflexes, dazzle reflex, palpebral and corneal reflexes, fluorescein staining, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, and direct ophthalmoscopy
In all subjects, distant direct ophthalmoscopy
was performed to assess lens status in a dark room (normal, mild opacification, evident opacification, aphakia, pseudophakia with posterior capsule opacification (PCO), or pseudophakia without PCO).
has low sensitivity, and is unpopular with patients as it requires their pupils to be dilated.
without dilatation was performed in all cases; patients with decreased vision or with intra-ocular complications were dilated and had indirect ophthalmoscopy.
Clinical parameters like BP (mean of two readings 10 minutes apart in sitting position) measurement, direct ophthalmoscopy
using 1 Percent mydriacil drops to look for changes of microcirculation in the retina were recorded and graded according to Keith-Wagner-Barker classification and verified by consultant ophthalmalogist.
Unfortunately, the sensitivity of detecting diabetic retinopathy by screening with direct ophthalmoscopy
often fails to reach the 80% threshold, even in the best of hands, making the referral of patients to an ophthalmology service essential.
is warranted to determine if the patient has an elevated cup-disc ratio (>0.
Again, mild scissoring was noted on retinoscopy and 'oil-drop' effect on direct ophthalmoscopy
Cause of blindness was ascertained after detailed examination which included slit-lamp examination, direct ophthalmoscopy
, indirect ophthalmoscopy, slit-lamp biomicroscopy with 78D lens, applanation tonometry, Humphrey visual field analysis wherever necessary and feasible.