discipline

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discipline

1. systematic training in obedience to regulations and authority
2. a branch of learning or instruction
3. the laws governing members of a Church

Discipline

 

a definite orderly manner of human behavior that corresponds to the standards of law and morality that have become established in society.

Discipline is an indispensable condition for the normal existence of society and organizations. Thanks to it, behavior becomes orderly, thus ensuring group activity and the functioning of social organization. In a society there is always discipline that is compulsory for everyone and special discipline, which is obligatory only for the members of a particular organization (for example, labor, party, or military discipline). Discipline is always determined by the prevailing social relations, which it supports.

Several types of discipline are distinguished: internal discipline or self-discipline, discipline arising out of considerations of advantage, and discipline based on compulsion. Internal discipline presupposes a deep assimilation (internalization) by the members of the society of the norms regulating people’s behavior. This kind of discipline is maintained without external sanctions or measures of compulsion. “Given ideal class-consciousness and discipline on the part of those participating in the common work, this subordination would be something like mild leadership of an orchestra conductor” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 36, p. 200). The disciplined individual feels an inner need to follow the accepted norms of behavior, and if he fails to observe them, he experiences remorse and feelings of guilt.

Unlike internal discipline, discipline based on considerations of advantage and discipline based on compulsion rely on external sanctions, which may be positive or negative. A member of society or of an organization may obey rules and instructions only because he counts on material gain or other encouragement or because he hopes to avoid punishment. In the final analysis, discipline is determined by the level of combination of the personal interests of members of society, their needs, and the socially conditioned norms of behavior that they fulfill. If these norms do not become the internal mainsprings of action for individuals, various kinds of deviations in behavior arise, which are regulated through mechanisms of social control or which may lead to changes and to the breakdown of the existing norms and institutions. However, excessively rigid discipline may also prove socially harmful, since it deprives the members of society of creative initiative, and the social system loses essential flexibility.

None of the forms of discipline is encountered in isolation in the various social systems; rather, each form has its own importance in a given system. In societies based primarily on traditions, moral-religious regulation of human behavior prevails during stable periods, supplemented by compulsory discipline (personal dependence). The role of material interests and discipline stemming from considerations of gain predominates in bourgeois society, with its “naked cash” relationships and the supremacy of individualistic ethics. At the same time, normative discipline also operates as a regulative mechanism in the form of business ethics and professional duty.

The conscious discipline of the working people is gradually consolidated in socialist society. Lenin characterized socialist discipline as “a discipline of comradeship, a discipline of the utmost mutual respect, a discipline of independence and initiative in the struggle” (ibid., p. 500). Socialist discipline develops in the process of the conscious construction of new social relationships, as a result of the process of communist upbringing. An important means of strengthening socialist discipline is social control and material and moral stimulation.

At the contemporary stage of the construction of a socialist and communist society the organization of society, which has become increasingly complex, and the scientific and technological revolution present increased demands for the discipline, organization, responsibility, and consciousness of every member of society. The norms of discipline in the period of building a communist society have been formulated in the Program of the CPSU in the moral code for the builder of communism.

REFERENCES

Engels, F. “Ob avtoritete.” K. Marx and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 18.
Lenin, V. I. “Gosudarstvo i revoliutsiia.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 33.
Lenin, V. I. “Ocherednye zadachi Sovetskoi vlasti.” Ibid. vol. 36.
Lenin, V. I. “Kak organizovat’ sorevnovanie?” Ibid., vol. 35.
Lenin, V. I. “Velikii pochin.” Ibid., vol. 39.
Programma KPSS. Moscow, 1961.
Makarenko, A. S. Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 5. Moscow, 1958. Pages 36-43, 130-44.

L. A. SEDOV

Discipline

chicken
indicates martinetish authority. [Military Slang: Wentworth, 98]
Patton, General George
(1885–1945) U.S. Army general known for imposing rigid discipline on his troops. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 2083]
Puritans
strictly religious and morally disciplined colonists. [Am. Hist.: Payton, 551]
spare the rod and spoil the child
axiomatic admonition. [O.T.: Proverbs 13:24]
Spartans
Doric people noted for bravery, frugality, and stern self-discipline. [Gk. Hist.: Payton, 640]
West Point
U.S. Military Academy focusing on discipline as part of training. [Am. Hist.: Payton, 729]
References in periodicals archive ?
En este sentido en cada modo de produccion, en cada formacion social, en cada contexto, en cada sector productivo--distributivo, en cada unidad de produccion, lo disciplinal contable implicaria toda la racionalidad especifica que cada una de las instancias anteriores demandan y por tanto la Contabilidad se constituiria en una practica reflexiva social que es impactada por las transformaciones socioeconomicas pero que tambien incide en la conformacion y alteracion del "orden" contextual imperante en un momento dado.
Reaching this does not only mean using Filipino for discussion purposes and utilizing disciplinal textbooks written in Filipino but also developing the Filipino mind with the employment of the national language.
La contabilidad es un saber dinamico que se construye espacio-temporalmente, situacion que ha generado una evolucion permanente de los elementos generales constitutivos de un saber disciplinal, su ubicacion en el campo de las ciencias sociales aplicadas, obedece a un momento en el tiempo, afirmacion que no pretende ser absoluta, ni inmodificable, pues constituye una tesis que debera ser confrontada con nuevas visiones de la evolucion del saber contable.
Despite disciplinal differences between the sciences and humanities, any wellcrafted, 200word abstract answers most of these questions: Does the article demonstrate knowledge of the literature?
The Commission on Higher Education (CHEd) has issued a memorandum order revising the general education curriculum by removing remedial courses that will be taught in the K-12 program, taking out disciplinal courses and adding new liberal education courses.
Before the implementation of the new curriculum, the commission said the GE faculty should undergo orientation "to orient them toward the philosophy of liberal education away from the disciplinal and remedial thrust of current GE courses (and) enable them to teach the core courses using new material and new material.
In revising the GE curriculum, the CHEd said there was a need for a "more holistic and less disciplinal program than what exists at present.