discrimination

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discrimination

Electronics the selection of a signal having a particular frequency, amplitude, phase, etc., effected by the elimination of other signals by means of a discriminator

discrimination

the process by which a member, or members, of a socially defined group is, or are, treated differently (especially unfairly) because of his/her/their membership of that group. To be selected for less favourable treatment, a social group may be constructed by reference to such features as race, ethnicity, gender or religion. A distinction can be drawn between ‘categorical’ and 'S tatistical’ discrimination. Categorical discrimination is the unfavourable treatment of all persons socially assigned to a particular social category because the discriminator believes that this discrimination is required by his social group. Statistical discrimination refers to less favourable treatment of individuals based on the belief that there is a probability that their membership of a social group leads to them possessing less desirable characteristics.

In the UK, there are laws that deal with both sex and race discrimination: the Sex Discrimination Act (1975) and the Race Relations Act (1976). In both Acts, ‘direct’ discrimination is made illegal, in that a person may not be treated less favourably than another on the grounds of gender, colour, ethnicity or race. However, the Race Relations Act also attempts to tackle ‘indirect’ discrimination. This was defined as consisting of treatment which may be described as equal in a formal sense, as between different racial groups, but discriminatory in its effect upon a particular racial group. Indirect discrimination is the application of conditions or requirements which may mean that:' (1) the proportion of persons of a racial group who can comply with these is considerably smaller than the proportion of persons not of that racial group who can comply with them; (2) they are to the detriment of the persons who cannot comply with them; (3) they are not justifiable irrespective of the colour, race, nationality or ethnic or national origins of the person to whom they are applied’ (A Guide to the Race Relations Act 1976 Home Office, 1977). See also POSITIVE DISCRIMINATION, RACE RELATIONS, SEGREGATION, GHETTO, PREJUDICE, SEX DISCRIMINATION.

Discrimination

 

(1) The limitation or deprivation of the rights of certain categories of citizens on the basis of such criteria as race, national origin, and sex. In bourgeois countries racial discrimination is especially widespread—the limitation of rights and persecution of persons for reasons of their racial origin. It is openly practiced in the USA against Indians, Negroes, and Chinese. In the Republic of South Africa the discrimination against East Indians and other non-Boer and non-European populations practiced by the English and Afrikaaners (Boers) has reached large proportions. Widely practiced in capitalist states are such forms of discrimination as lower pay for the labor of women and young people and the limitation of rights on the basis of political and religious convictions.

(2) Discrimination in international relations is the establishment of lesser rights for the representatives, organizations, or citizens of one country than for those of another. The practice of discrimination usually brings about reciprocal measures in the form of retortion on the part of the government against whom it is directed. The USSR and other socialist countries vigorously oppose all forms of discrimination in international relations.

discrimination

[di‚skrim·ə′nā·shən]
(communications)
In frequency-modulated systems, the detection or demodulation of the imposed variations in the frequency of the carriers.
In a tuned circuit, the degree of rejection of unwanted signals.
Of any system or transducer, the difference between the losses at specified frequencies with the system or transducer terminated in specified impedances.
(computer science)

discrimination

discriminationclick for a larger image
The minimum angular distance at which two objects on a radar screen can be seen separately. In the figure, the discrimination capability of the radar is 2°.
References in periodicals archive ?
They will also challenge whether the judge was right to find Ashers, owned by the McArthur family, had discriminated against the complainant due to religious belief or political opinion.
When Americans are presented with several groups - Blacks; Hispanics; people of Middle Eastern descent; Women; and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transsexual (LGBT) adults - and asked if those groups are discriminated against in each of a series of aspects of American life, majorities feel discrimination exists for most of these groups in at least one area.
One respondent was even discriminated against because her husband was in the Armed forces, the survey by video recruitment website www.
In October, the EEOC sided with McCusker, concluding that the Catholic school discriminated against her because of her pregnancy and urged the school to settle the complaint.
Thus, similar to the result in Westinghouse, the Ohio manufacturing credit was deemed in violation of the Commerce Clause, because it discriminated against interstate commerce--it encouraged further investment in Ohio at the expense of development in other states.
The Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Queensland ruled that Virgin Blue discriminated against eight female flight attendants aged 36-56 who applied for jobs as cabin crew in 2001 and 2002.
It was the plaintiff's contention that this disincentive to invest outside of Ohio hindered economic development in other states and, therefore, discriminated against interstate commerce.
The suit said Metropolitan Transportation Authority discriminated against bus driver Henry Asher, who is Jewish, because it didn't accommodate his wish to observe the Sabbath from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday.
A job centre banned an adthat recruitment consultant Beryl King wanted to place for warehouse packers because they said it discriminated against people who were not hard-working.
If men feel discriminated against, then maybe it is time they slowed down, stopped running amber lights and kept well away from the car in front.
Therefore, "When the District denied Hills access to the school's limited public forum, it discriminated against him because of religious viewpoint in violation of the Free Speech Clause of the First Amendment.
All four perceptual modalities, auditory, visual, tactile, and kinesthetic, significantly discriminated between primary and secondary students (see Table 5).