Most readers, however, will share in the observation that competitors often manifest a disinclination to cooperate.
A twice-removed supplier may thus overcome the disinclination to cooperate precisely because of its increased separation from both competitors.
The disinclination to cooperate in this manner seems to generate an obvious efficiency loss as reflected in the contrasting fact that most conventional retailers' offerings overlap with those of their competitors.
Schools might even share in fundraising or recruiting ventures, although any disinclination to cooperate in these arenas might be attributed to obvious hazards and agency problems especially where they compete for the same students or donors.
The ex post quality of the claim about markets-as-equal-dividers is apparent when considering cases such as law schools' implicit cooperation with respect to outside fundraising consultants and auto makers' disinclination to use the same advertising agencies but willingness to advertise in the same media.
The notion of a disinclination to cooperate may, however, join other pieces of useless and now unaffordable pomp and ceremony in the bins of institutional history.