Disinhibition


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Disinhibition

 

the abolition of internal inhibition in the cortex of the brain’s large hemispheres under the influence of a new, extraneous stimulus.

The concept of disinhibition was introduced by I. P. Pavlov. Excitation arising at a point on the cortex of the large hemispheres under the influence of an extraneous stimulus radiates through the cortex, takes over other points of the cortex, including inhibited ones, and abolishes the inhibition, transforming it to excitation. For example, a conditioned food reflex abolished by repeated use of a conditioned stimulus unaccompanied by an unconditioned one (that is, not reinforced with food), manifests itself as soon as a new, previously unused stimulus is added to the conditioned stimulus. Disinhibition may also result from positive induction. The phenomenon of disinhibition may also be observed in other parts of the central nervous system.

References in periodicals archive ?
Reasons to drink according to each motive Social motive To be sociable Because that is what your friends do when they get together Because it is customary on special occasions Because it makes a social gathering more enjoyable Enhancement motive To celebrate I like the 'feeling' Drinking is exciting To get high Because it is fun Because drinking makes you feel good Disinhibition motive It is easier to be open with people Feeling less inhibited about sex Sexual activity is more pleasurable for you You feel more sexually attractive Compensatory motive To forget your worries To feel more self-confident Drinking helps when you feel depressed or nervous To cheer up when you're in a bad mood To relax
7 0- 12 GDP score 0-4 (normal) 80% GDP score 5-10 (mild) 18% GDP score 11-15 (severe) 2% Neuropsychiatric Inventory (% experiencing symptom) Delusions 21% Hallucinations 10% Agitation 42% Depression 60% Anxiety 48% Elation 5% Apathy 47% Disinhibition 29% Irritability 53% Aberrant motor activity 15% Nighttime disturbances 43% Appetite change 43% Caregiver Burden Scale (0-88) 25 17.
PrEP use also creates anxiety about potential behavioural disinhibition.
People who have this area of the brain damaged have been "shown to produce changes in disinhibition, apathy, and aggressiveness.
In the NPI-subcategories, there was a significant improvement in agitation and disinhibition after the treatment.
These dysfunctional behaviors range from restraint, when the person is feeling hungry but then restrains and never eats, and disinhibition, which is very close to binge eating.
However, research into internet behaviour has identified that in some situations, many of us will say things when we communicate online that we may not have said in face-to-face conversation, a phenomenon that has been labelled the Online Disinhibition Effect.
This communication disinhibition may be a result of the increased anger experienced by highly identified sport fans following a losing effort from their favorite team (Crisp, Heuston, Farr, & Turner, 2007).
Because of disinhibition or not remembering socially acceptable behavior, the person with AD might find interesting places for elimination.
In effect, disinhibition can both reveal and shape the person, as contradictory as that may sound," explains Adam Galinsky, the Morris and Alice Kaplan Professor of ethics and decisions in Management at Kellogg.
Bishop's argument draws on a further concern in the work of Agamben, his idea of the human experience as founded on inhibition and disinhibition.
The behavioural sequelae of pTBI include hyperactivity, impulsivity, social disinhibition, aggression, poor temper control, mood swings and psychiatric disorders.