The violent dispersal
is a direct violation of the Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law (CARHRIHL).
The protests were a response to the pro-Morsi Anti-Coup Alliance's calls to protest on the second anniversary of the dispersal
Prior to the application of such a model, several questions need to be addressed, including 1) how males and females vary in their dispersal
behaviour, 2) what landscape features facilitate or impede movement of dispersers, and 3) what habitat and social conditions prompt immigration.
Individual decisions regarding breeding dispersal
should be regulated by a trade-off between many possible costs and benefits (Greenwood 1980).
However, Human Rights Watch's report issued in 2014 put the number at 800-1,000 deaths, referring to the dispersal
as a pre-meditated "massacre" by the ruling military administration of the time.
WikiThawra, a website dedicated to documenting the Egyptian revolution, put the death toll of the Rabaa Al-Adaweya sit-in dispersal
at 969 and that of Al-Nahda dispersal
The majority of protesters who took part in the pro-Mohamed Morsi Rab Al-Adaweya sit-in were peaceful protesters, said National Council for Human Rights (NCHR) member Nasser Amin on Wednesday, adding that such peaceful demonstrators made up the majority of the death toll for the sit in's dispersal
, estimated by the council at 632.
Protests were held outside Cairo University on Sunday in response to calls by the Anti-Coup Alliance to mark the passing of 100 days since the dispersal
of the Rab-Al Adaweya and Al-Nahda sit-ins.
A supporter of ousted president Morsi searches through debris in Cairo on August 14, 2013 after the sit in dispersal
(AFP, Mosb el-Shamy)
of abalone predominantly takes place in the larval phase of their life history and influences the extent of replenishment and genetic diversity of local populations and the connectivity within metapopulations.
Other protests to commemorate the dispersal
of the sit-in took place in Giza, Matariya, Ain Shams, Maadi, Helwan, and other governorates outside of Cairo.
The Banha Criminal Court sentenced on Saturday seven defendants to life in prison for blocking the ring road on 14 August, after the forcible dispersal
of two pro-Mohamed Morsi encampments in Greater Cairo.