A promising avenue for future research is to analyze how economic policies, production technology, and competitive market environments changed at the industry level over time and determine how such changes correlate with the dispersion measures
By calculating distance in a second way, using the FRB's dispersion measure
, astronomers can get a handle on these cosmological parameters.
One of the reasons the T index is preferred is that, unlike variance and skewness, it is not a mean dependent dispersion measure
allowing for comparisons between sectors.
The residuals from those models, "purged" of such effects, are then used to construct price dispersion measures
which are regressed on variables related to search costs.
To complete the description of the research method we would like also to list the strengths and weaknesses of the dispersion measure
They employ measures based on stock prices to create a dispersion measure
that reflects structural shifts rather than short-term cyclical fluctuations.
The next investigation is of dispersion measures
by gender to see if controlling for work experience, education, and occupation results in a more equal (less disperse) distribution of earnings between men and women.
TABLE 1 CWS for 4 Doctors CWS Dispersion Measure
In the case of dispersion measures
, low compactness can be the result of a riding having to incorporate some geographically distant territory.
Using data on job vacancies, Katherine Abraham and Lawrence Katz  rebut Lilien's conclusion, claiming that the positive coefficient of his dispersion measure
picks up the effects of aggregate demand rather than interindustry supply disturbances, and that, therefore, aggregate-demand expansion was the appropriate policy for reducing unemployment in the 1970s.
The sum of job creation and destruction series such as those by Davis and Haltiwanger or those produced using industry data can be used as a cross-sectional dispersion measure
Although two of the three newly discovered FRBs were discovered relatively close to the galactic plane, their dispersion measures
and redshifts suggests an extragalactic origin.