distemper


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distemper,

in veterinary medicine, highly contagious, catarrhal, often fatal disease of dogs. It also affects wolves, foxes, mink, raccoons, and ferrets. Distemper is caused by a filtrable virus that is airborne; it is also spread by infected utensils, brushes, and clothing. Symptoms are high fever, apathy, and lack of appetite with resulting dehydration and loss of weight. The respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts become involved, and there is vomiting and diarrhea. A dog may recover from the above signs and then develop nervous complications, i.e., convulsions, localized muscular twitches, weakness, and paralysis. Distemper in dogs can be controlled by immunizing each animal as early as possible with a modified live-virus vaccine.

distemper

[dis′tem·pər]
(veterinary medicine)
Any of several contagious virus diseases of mammals, especially the form occurring in dogs, marked by fever, respiratory inflammation, and destruction of myelinated nerve tissue.

distemper

A paint containing earth pigments, calcium carbonate, tinting colors, glue size, or casein, mixed with water; tempera.

distemper

1
any of various infectious diseases of animals, esp canine distemper, a highly contagious viral disease of dogs, characterized initially by high fever and a discharge from the nose and eyes

distemper

2 Art
1. a technique of painting in which the pigments are mixed with water, glue, size, etc., used for poster, mural, and scene painting
2. the paint used in this technique or any of various water-based paints, including, in Britain, whitewash
References in periodicals archive ?
Evidence indicates a first outbreak of rabies, overlapping or followed soon after by a canine distemper outbreak.
Prevention of distemper should be an absolute priority in ferrets because treatment is usually unsuccessful.
Urine is useful in the ante mortem diagnosis of distemper, easier to collect than other body fluids and shows great sensitivity in different clinical presentations of canine distemper (GEBARA et al.
Canine Distemper was confirmed with Scan Vet Distemper Virus Antigen Kit (a) with a swab sample collected from nasal discharge about four weeks before pup was presented with dysphagia.
In other words, a positive vaccine titer test for parvo and distemper can put your mind at ease--and should put your veterinarian's mind at ease--that your dog is adequately immunized against the core disease vaccinations he has received.
If distemper remains untreated, it will lead to neurological signs as the virus reaches the central nervous system, including circling, head tilt, involuntary muscle twitching and paralysis.
The parvovirus vaccination can be administered along with distemper.
In terrestrial wildlife, dozens of diseases have come to the fore in the past few decades, including canine distemper, a virally caused kangaroo blindness, ranavirus infection in amphibians, and mycoplasmal conjunctivitis in some birds.
Around 3,000 of the mammals are at risk from phocine distemper virus (PDV) which causes breathing difficulties and ultimately starvation.
The latest outbreak of phocine distemper virus (PDV) has already killed more than 1,500 seals in other parts of Britain.
The Greenhill Humane Society animal shelter will not accept or adopt out new kittens for at least 10 days as a result of identifying two kittens with distemper.
TWO seals found washed up on the banks of the River Dee did not die of the distemper virus, wildlife experts said last night.