distemper


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distemper,

in veterinary medicine, highly contagious, catarrhal, often fatal disease of dogs. It also affects wolves, foxes, mink, raccoons, and ferrets. Distemper is caused by a filtrable virus that is airborne; it is also spread by infected utensils, brushes, and clothing. Symptoms are high fever, apathy, and lack of appetite with resulting dehydration and loss of weight. The respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts become involved, and there is vomiting and diarrhea. A dog may recover from the above signs and then develop nervous complications, i.e., convulsions, localized muscular twitches, weakness, and paralysis. Distemper in dogs can be controlled by immunizing each animal as early as possible with a modified live-virus vaccine.

distemper

[dis′tem·pər]
(veterinary medicine)
Any of several contagious virus diseases of mammals, especially the form occurring in dogs, marked by fever, respiratory inflammation, and destruction of myelinated nerve tissue.

distemper

A paint containing earth pigments, calcium carbonate, tinting colors, glue size, or casein, mixed with water; tempera.

distemper

1
any of various infectious diseases of animals, esp canine distemper, a highly contagious viral disease of dogs, characterized initially by high fever and a discharge from the nose and eyes

distemper

2 Art
1. a technique of painting in which the pigments are mixed with water, glue, size, etc., used for poster, mural, and scene painting
2. the paint used in this technique or any of various water-based paints, including, in Britain, whitewash
References in periodicals archive ?
If distemper remains untreated, it will lead to neurological signs as the virus reaches the central nervous system, including circling, head tilt, involuntary muscle twitching and paralysis.
Those who aren't vaccinated could benefit from treatment with a drug that works like ERDRP-0519 does against canine distemper, he says, limiting new cases and lessening transmission.
The Canine VacciCheck kit is intended to be used as a diagnostic tool to evaluate the antibody response to the core vaccination or infection by Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Canine Parvovirus and Canine Distemper Virus.
Now, because of widespread vaccination, distemper rears its ugly head only occasionally and generally amongst stray dogs.
Large-scale breeding and caging of the monkeys might have contributed to increasing susceptibility to canine distemper infection.
Vaccination against distemper, hepatitis and parvovirus is considered essential and routine for all dogs in order to protect them against severe disease and even an untimely death.
Canine distemper spreads through air, shared food or water and bodily fluids.
Distemper can cause fever, shaking, and finally death.
A great example is canine distemper, which killed lions in the Serengeti, infected seals in Antarctica and black-footed ferrets in the American Southwest.
In terrestrial wildlife, dozens of diseases have come to the fore in the past few decades, including canine distemper, a virally caused kangaroo blindness, ranavirus infection in amphibians, and mycoplasmal conjunctivitis in some birds.
But cash is still desperately needed to pay for vets to travel into remote, poverty-stricken areas and vaccinate up to 30,000 wild dogs which carry the distemper virus.
Detection of canine distemper virus in 100% of Paget's disease samples by in situreverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.