Syllable

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Related to disyllabic: polysyllabic

syllable

A syllable is a sequence of speech sounds (formed from vowels and consonants) organized into a single unit. Syllables act as the building blocks of a spoken word, determining the pace and rhythm of how the word is pronounced.
The three structural elements of a syllable are the nucleus, the onset, and the coda.
Syllables can be structured several ways, but they always contain a nucleus, which is (usually) formed from a vowel sound. The nucleus is the core of the syllable, indicating its individual “beat” within a word; the number of syllables in a word will be determined by the number of vowel sounds forming their nuclei.
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Syllable

 

the minimal articulated unit of speech, consisting of one or several sounds that form a compact phonetic entity and that occur during one chest pulse. Proponents of various theories concerning the syllable believe that a syllable is produced by one muscular contraction, by modulation (narrowing and widening) of the pharynx, or by the degree of sonority and the order in which sounds are uttered.

A syllable is composed of a beginning (onset), a peak (nucleus), and a final part (coda). A peak is formed by simple vowels (ma-ma), by sonorants in some languages (Czech prst, “finger”), and occasionally by obstruents (psst!). A syllable’s beginning and end are formed by one or more consonants; in some languages a syllable may consist only of a peak (o-ni, “they”). Syllables are closed when they end in a consonant and open when they end in a vowel. They are uncovered when they begin with a vowel and covered when they begin with a consonant. The commonest syllable structure, found in all languages of the world, is consonant followed by vowel.

Division into syllables often does not correspond to division into morphemes. In the word ruchka (“handle”), morphemes for example, there are two syllables (ru-chka) but three morphemes (ruch-k-a). In syllabic languages, such as Chinese, morphemes are generally monosyllabic and syllable and morpheme boundaries coincide. In such languages, the beginning of a syllable is contrasted to its end, which is limited to certain permissible sounds.

V. A. VINOGRADOV

References in periodicals archive ?
FSWs for the target sound /k/ are all disyllabic or trisyllabic, and in all cases except for "tucano" (toucan), "escuro" (dark) and "buque" (bouquet), present the target sound in a post-stress syllable, as suggested by a previous study [8].
Indeed, the trisyllabic shape of the pK form suggests that it is either a loan or a compound, since Koreans roots are either mono- or disyllabic.
Accounts of plural allomorphy in Old English disyllabic neuter a-stems reveal that plural number marking in these nouns was complex and problematic, measurably more so than it was in Old English nouns of some other paradigms.
This means that a word which is underlyingly trisyllabic (three syllables) is realized as a disyllabic word on the surface representation.
This can be illustrated with the words in (12), in which [y: o: e:] occur in disyllabic words (including compounds), as in (12a), and in monosyllabic words, as in (12b):
As mentioned earlier, she frequently reassigns the lines to different characters while retaining the emblematic meaning of each speech, but she also defuses the pathos of the original speeches by having Constance interrupt the speakers with disyllabic interjections or comically indecorous modern exclamations.
Most Malay roots consist of only three letters in Arabic script; Malay words are predominantly disyllabic with a relatively simple structure in which consonant and vowel regularly alternate, while Arabic script is an orthography in which vowels are often left out.
Such an interpretation is militated against, though, by the fact that a metrical design of three monosyllabic intervals would result, and this pattern, even though it is attested in the material, goes against the contextual design, in which line-median metrical intervals are predominantly disyllabic.
He argues that -er formS disyllabic verbs expressive of sound or movement suggesting reiteration, continuation or the like.
The disyllabic thrust of 'On voit' is taken up by 'courir' (notice how an impetus-giving 2 can be changed into a force of claustration, as a line-terminal measure, in line 6).
Of those with single resolution, line 1946a may have had -bealwa not -bealawa originally, line 1833b has disyllabic her(i)ge, leaving only two cases.