diuretic


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diuretic

(dī'yərĕt`ĭk), drug used to increase urine formation and output. Diuretics are prescribed for the treatment of edemaedema
, abnormal accumulation of fluid in the body tissues or in the body cavities causing swelling or distention of the affected parts. Edema of the ankles and lower legs (in ambulatory patients) is characteristic of congestive heart failure, but it can accompany other
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 (the accumulation of excess fluids in the tissues of the body), which is often the result of underlying disease of the kidneys, liver, lungs, or heart (e.g., congestive heart failurecongestive heart failure,
inability of the heart to expel sufficient blood to keep pace with the metabolic demands of the body. In the healthy individual the heart can tolerate large increases of workload for a considerable length of time.
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). They are also used to treat hypertensionhypertension
or high blood pressure,
elevated blood pressure resulting from an increase in the amount of blood pumped by the heart or from increased resistance to the flow of blood through the small arterial blood vessels (arterioles).
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 (high blood pressure) and glaucomaglaucoma
, ocular disorder characterized by pressure within the eyeball caused by an excessive amount of aqueous humor (the fluid substance filling the eyeball). This causes pressure against the optic nerve and compression of the blood vessels of the eye—the resulting
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. They act on the kidneys, modifying the absorption and excretion of water and electrolytes such as sodium and potassium. Types of diuretics include thiazides, loop diuretics, and potassium-sparing diuretics.

diuretic

[‚dī·yu̇′red·ik]
(pharmacology)
Any agent that increases the volume and flow of urine.

diuretic

a drug or agent that increases the flow of urine
References in periodicals archive ?
He noted that the amiloride-HCTZ combination is the only diuretic that has demonstrated superiority in terms of morbidity and mortality in long-term clinical trials versus a calcium channel blocker in the INSIGHT trial (Lancet.
Dr Ho s research will examine why a diuretic used to increase urinary output in patients with AKI is effective in some patients but not others, and will potentially give clinicians the tools to identify these patients early and employ alternative means of managing their fluid levels.
During a nine month period, 14 percent of older adults prescribed a thiazide diuretic developed a metabolic adverse event, compared with 6 percent of adults not prescribed a thiazide diuretic.
amalago extracts showed diuretic and natriuretic activity and antilithiasic effects.
This limits the time available for retention of salt and water after the diuretic action.
Diuretics, which promote the production of urine and are used to help high blood pressure, are banned because they can be used by athletes to hide other performance-enhancing substances.
Even those such as colas that contain a small amount of caffeine as a flavouring have so little caffeine in them that the diuretic effect of the caffeine is more than outweighed by the water they contain.
The main objective of our study was to search for an association between some clinical and hematochemical variables and development of renal impairment during diuretic intensive therapy.
I took a medication prescribed by my personal doctor for pre-menstrual purposes that I did not know contained a diuretic.
In a nested, case-crossover study, she and her coworkers compared the occurrence of new diuretic prescriptions in the 7 days prior to the hip fracture to the occurrence of new diuretic prescriptions during the control period 31-37 days before the fracture.
In this country, hydrochlorothiazide is the most commonly prescribed thiazide diuretic.
A second clinical study has confirmed Cacti-Nea's diuretic effect.