diuretic


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diuretic

(dī'yərĕt`ĭk), drug used to increase urine formation and output. Diuretics are prescribed for the treatment of edemaedema
, abnormal accumulation of fluid in the body tissues or in the body cavities causing swelling or distention of the affected parts. Edema of the ankles and lower legs (in ambulatory patients) is characteristic of congestive heart failure, but it can accompany other
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 (the accumulation of excess fluids in the tissues of the body), which is often the result of underlying disease of the kidneys, liver, lungs, or heart (e.g., congestive heart failurecongestive heart failure,
inability of the heart to expel sufficient blood to keep pace with the metabolic demands of the body. In the healthy individual the heart can tolerate large increases of workload for a considerable length of time.
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). They are also used to treat hypertensionhypertension
or high blood pressure,
elevated blood pressure resulting from an increase in the amount of blood pumped by the heart or from increased resistance to the flow of blood through the small arterial blood vessels (arterioles).
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 (high blood pressure) and glaucomaglaucoma
, ocular disorder characterized by pressure within the eyeball caused by an excessive amount of aqueous humor (the fluid substance filling the eyeball). This causes pressure against the optic nerve and compression of the blood vessels of the eye—the resulting
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. They act on the kidneys, modifying the absorption and excretion of water and electrolytes such as sodium and potassium. Types of diuretics include thiazides, loop diuretics, and potassium-sparing diuretics.

diuretic

[‚dī·yu̇′red·ik]
(pharmacology)
Any agent that increases the volume and flow of urine.

diuretic

a drug or agent that increases the flow of urine
References in periodicals archive ?
Loop diuretics, such as bumetanide (Bumex), furosemide (Lasix), and torsemide (Demadex)
Only diuretic use remained significantly associated with this outcome after researchers accounted for age, sex, reason for colonoscopy, and hospitalization status (odds ratio, 2.
The message for you in practice is that the route of diuretic administration is probably not important as long as you give an adequate dose.
For patients who underwent pyeloplasty, percent change in dynamic renal function was assessed through comparison of preoperative and most recent postoperative diuretic renography, including [T.
They are the diuretic of choice for control of HTN because they have a long history of effective use as drug therapy for HTN, are relatively inexpensive, and have only mild side effects, which may encourage patients to be more adherent to treatment (Pacitti et al.
AKI patients are given diuretics to prevent fluid from building up in the body, but for about 30 to 40 per cent of these patients the drug most commonly prescribed to prevent fluid build-up does not work, Dr Hames said.
The three metabolic adverse events that researchers assessed were hyponatremia (low sodium levels in the blood), hypokalemia (low potassium levels in the blood), and acute kidney injury (a 25 percent decrease in kidney function from the baseline value before the thiazide diuretic was started).
MEDICATION POTENTIAL INTERACTION Prescription diuretic (Lasix) Dehydration, electrolyte imbalance Lithium Increases side effects of lithium Blood-thinning medications Increased risk of bleeding (Coumadin, Plavix) Diabetes medications May reduce blood sugar levels (insulin, metformin, glipizide) too severely Antacids (i.
Till now no study has been conducted to demonstrate the diuretic effect of green tea.
From what we understand, a diuretic has appeared in his sample, which we are sure must be a mistake of some sort because, apart from his unquestionable honesty and integrity, there is no practical reason for him to be taking a diuretic, or any masking agent, when not competing," he said.