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a. a Muslim law court, council chamber, or counting house
b. a Muslim council of state
2. a collection of poems
3. (in Muslim law) an account book



(1) During the rule of the caliph Omar (634-644), divan appeared as a register of the state income that was to be distributed among groups of the ruling class and used to pay soldiers, as well as the place where these registers were kept.

(2) Under the Ommiad and the Abbasid caliphs and in a number of other medieval Muslim states divan came to denote the department of taxation and finance; the term was also applied to other government institutions.

(3) The council of the Turkish sultan consisting of the grand vizier, the head of the Muslim priesthood, and several other high officials.

(4) The state council of the rulers of Moldavia and Wallachia that existed prior to the unification of these principalities in 1859.

(5) In some modern countries of the Muslim East, divans are government institutions for administrative and judicial affairs.


“Diwan.” Encyclopedic de I’slam, 2nd ed., vol. 2. Leiden-Paris, 1965. Pages 332-47.



in the classical literatures of the Middle East, a collection of the poetry of one author. The poems in the divan are usually arranged in alphabetical order by rhyme (according to the last letter of the rhyme). The works are not dated and, as a rule, do not have titles. Also, the first line of each poem often does not identify the work since in classical poetry each bayt (distch) is a complete idea, and, in rewriting, bayts can easily be transposed.


Krymskii, A. E. Istoriia Persii, ee literatury i dervishskoi teosofii. Moscow, 1900-07.
Krymskii, A. E. Istoriia arabov i arabskoi literatury. Moscow, 1912.


1. In Muslim countries, a council room or hall for a court of justice.
2. A smoking room.
References in periodicals archive ?
Editing and critically evaluating Gul-i-r'ana and Nuskha-i-Sherani, two rare manuscripts of Ghalib's Urdu divan, are among the remarkable research works that Qudrat Naqvi carried out on Ghalib.
In keeping with the spirit of Andrews's critique and his hopes for a more persuasive handling of primary literary texts, I offer the following remarks on the recent handling of the divans of two prominent fifteenth-century Ottoman Sufi (tekke) poets.
Said the spokesman: "Our Sealy studio in Aintree is the largest in Merseyside, where we stock the latest divans, including Geltex and hybrid models.
Divan beds often feature drawers in the base, making them ideal for extra storage and there are a number of types to choose between, including flexible, slatted divans (which use laminated, soft woods mounted on a frame to create a modest level of springiness); solid top divans (which have a rigid, non-sprung top panel for a firm feel); firm-edge divans (which have large, heavy-duty springs in a rigid, wooden sided frame) and sprung-edge divans (which have a complete open coil or pocket spring unit mounted on a frame to provide support across the whole mattress).
The main Divan was ministry Divan which heads the department of other state agencies and authorities of other Divans worked under the management of this Minister.
Provider of engineered restraint systems AmSafe Industries Inc yesterday announced that manufacturer of cabin interior products B/E Aerospace will now be offering side facing divans equipped with the AmSafe Seatbelt Airbag to the business jet market.
Reid have just introduced the Relyon range of mattresses and divans, as well as Silentnight and Sealy, and also have a wide choice of headboards.
One lucky reader will have the chance to win pounds 2000 to spend on their latest collection of divans, bedsteads and stunning bedroom furniture.
Among his other poetic divans are, "Sana'a and Aden," and, "Democratic Yemen is Speaking.
While others were serving up chicken soup and guilt, these Jewish ladies were incubating and promoting practically every significant cultural movement since the Enlightenment--in their living rooms, often while reclining on divans.
The section 'Ubersetzungen' from the Noten and Abhandlungen zu besserem Verstdndnis des West-ostlichen Divans, the prose part of Goethe's collection of 'oriental' poetry, is Goethe's best-known and most extensive reflection on the subject of translation.