divisionism


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divisionism:

see postimpressionismpostimpressionism,
term coined by Roger Fry to refer to the work of a number of French painters active at the end of the 19th cent. who, although they developed their varied styles quite independently, were united in their rejection of impressionism.
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Divisionism

 

or pointillism, a style of painting, developed by G. Seurat and P. Signac, characteristic of neoimpressionism. The technique involves the orderly breakdown of a complex color tone into pure colors that are applied to the canvas with separate brush strokes. When perceived by the viewer, these strokes blend optically. Divisionism was used by H. Cross and, to some extent, C. Pissarro in France, G. Segantini in Italy, and T. van Rysselberghe in Belgium. Elements of divisionism appear in several works by I. E. Grabar’ in Russia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Signac wholeheartedly adopted Seurat's invention, pointillism or divisionism, though he considered it simply a means of expression, a way to apply paint to the canvas.
However, after the leaders of LIPRODHOR were accused of supporting divisionism by a parliamentary commission established to target such organizations, it was effectively disbanded.
He preferred to paint animals, believing them to be more spiritual than man, and the present work shows the distinct influence of Divisionism, Futurism and Expressionism.
This translated not only in the introduction of new themes but in a complete rethinking of how art was produced and received by its audience; see for instance Rainey's connection of a technique like "the uniform application of strokes across the canvas surface," inherited from Divisionism, to the erosion of "the principle of distinction between objects and environments, bodies and space, matter and atmosphere" (9).
8) The excitement for this age was evident in artists such as George Seurat, a French Post Impressionist painter, who worked in a systematic method he called Divisionism.
Departing from the broad brushstrokes of the Impressionists, he developed a technique called Pointillism or Divisionism, employing small dots or strokes of contrasting color to create the subtle fight and hue changes contained within a painting.
From Impressionism, as well as Synthesism and Divisionism, van Gogh took what he felt strongest about and carved out his own dramatic style.
His painting Dinner Table (la Desserte) of 1897 confirms him working with Bonnard and Vuillard and he attempted Divisionism around 1899, but without any real sympathy for the style, using strongly modelled form and dark, sombre tones.
One sees in Signac's late work that divisionism had to be either a total commitment or nothing.
Manama, July 9 (BNA): The Ambassador of the State of Kuwait to the Kingdom of Bahrain, Doyen of the Diplomatic Corps Shaikh Azzam Mubarak Al Sabah, said the Gulf society has been accustomed to goodness and compassion and there is no room for sectarian divisionism in it.
He also reiterated the government's commitment to co-operating with the world community to keep the region away from any conflicts, adding that divisionism could never be healed.
Of course, it would be absurd to deny the paramount role that the "liberation of color" (in Matisse's words) played in the birth of modern art--especially in the case of Seurat, whose divisionism paved the way to abstraction for Mondrian, Kandinsky, Delaunay, and many others.