document


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Related to document: Word document

document

Computing a piece of text or text and graphics stored in a computer as a file for manipulation by document processing software

Document

A written, typed, or drawn record.

Document

 

a material object containing information in a fixed form and especially intended to be transmitted in time and space. The information may be carried on paper, punched cards, photographic film, magnetic tape, or other means. Documents may contain texts (in a natural or formalized language), images, sound-recorded information, or other representations of data. According to their contents, documents can be classified as scientific and technical (articles, books, patents, technical reports, and descriptions), legal (such as regulations, decrees, and treaties), administrative (orders, instructions), and so on.

Documents may be of primary or of secondary nature (such as synopses, abstracts, annotations, or reviews). By the method of their processing, documents can be divided into semantic (translation, review, annotation) and non-semantic (copying, reproduction, microfilming). In information science, means of automated data-processing are developed, using documents stored in a computer’s memory.

The aggregate of documents dealing with a certain question, phenomenon, process, person, institution, and the like is called documentation.

The functioning of contemporary society and the process of production call for the creation and exchange of a great number of documents that are basically textual. The science of documentation deals with classification of documents and definition of the method of their composition and processing. In the USSR, the basic rules for the drafting and processing of documents for the government and public organizations and private persons dealing with these organizations are established by the State Standard (COST).

In a more limited sense, a document is an official paper certifying a certain fact or a title to something. Thus, in law, a document is often understood to be a written act, drafted in a legally prescribed form certifying facts of legal importance (the birth, educational level, or length of professional service of a person). In history scholarship, a document usually is written evidence testifying to certain facts, most often pertaining to the governmental system or public organizations.

REFERENCES

Mikhailov, A. I., A. I. Chernyi, and R. S. Giliarevskii. Osnovy informatiki, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1968.
Zhukovskaia, O. D., and B. A. Gol’tsev.Dokumentatsiia sovetskikh gosudarstvennykh uchrezhdenii. Moscow, 1970.
Bakharev, V. A., and G. N. Koriakin. Korrespondentsiia i deloproizvodstvo. Moscow, 1971.
Kibernetika i dokumentalistika. Moscow, 1966.

document

[′däk·yə·mənt]
(computer science)
Any record, printed or otherwise, that can be read by a human or a machine.
To prepare a written text and charts describing the purpose, nature, usage, and operation of a program or a system of programs.

document

(application)
Any specific type of file produced or edited by a specific application; usually capable of being printed. E.g. "Word document", "Photoshop document", etc.

document

(hypertext)
A term used on some systems (e.g. Intermedia) for a hypertext node. It is sometimes used for a collection of nodes on related topics, possibly stored or distributed as one.

document

(programming)
To write documentation on a certain piece of code.

document

(1) Originally, the term referred to only a file created in a word processor. When Apple introduced the Macintosh in the mid-1980s, it called every data file a document no matter which software application was used to create it. The terminology migrated to the Windows environment, which later provided a My Documents folder as the default storage location for all personal data. Default folders for pictures, music and videos are located in the My Documents folder. See template and style sheet.

(2) Any paper form whether printed, typed or handwritten that is used to transact business or make some official statement.
References in classic literature ?
But first, sir, if you desire tidings of this lost document, I must crave the favor of a little talk with your fair daughter Alice.
They were documents, in short, not official, but of a private nature, or, at least, written in his private capacity, and apparently with his own hand.
I actually opened the box while I was dressing for dinner and saw the document inside.
It didn't mean much to the fellow, who doubt-less had but little better idea of the contents of the document I had been sent to fetch to his masters than would the cave man who in all probability had dis-covered it.
It seems as though they had some objection to committing important documents to the post.
Form your party, Monsieur Guillot, spread your tidings in any way that seems fit to you, only until the hour comes, guard that document as you would your soul.
Nevertheless, as a personal document, the Everhard Manuscript is of inestimable value.
In the yard, was the man with the shadowy grievance respecting the Fund which the Marshal embezzled, who had got up at five in the morning to complete the copying of a perfectly unintelligible history of that transaction, which he had committed to Mr Dorrit's care, as a document of the last importance, calculated to stun the Government and effect the Marshal's downfall.
She carries some small litter in a reticule which she calls her documents, principally consisting of paper matches and dry lavender.
In 1822, Major Laing explored all the western part of Africa near to the British possessions; and he it was who got so far as the sources of the Niger; and, according to his documents, the spring in which that immense river takes its rise is not two feet broad.
No, bwother, I have gwown mustaches myself," said Denisov on reading these documents, and he wrote to the German that, despite his heartfelt desire to serve under so valiant and renowned a general, he had to forgo that pleasure because he was already under the command of the Polish general.
Each district, under the new system, had its flag, its bottle of ink, its sheaf of documents tabulated and filed for reference in a drawer, so that by looking under M or S, as the case might be, you had all the facts with respect to the Suffrage organizations of that county at your fingers' ends.