document

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document

Computing a piece of text or text and graphics stored in a computer as a file for manipulation by document processing software

Document

A written, typed, or drawn record.

Document

 

a material object containing information in a fixed form and especially intended to be transmitted in time and space. The information may be carried on paper, punched cards, photographic film, magnetic tape, or other means. Documents may contain texts (in a natural or formalized language), images, sound-recorded information, or other representations of data. According to their contents, documents can be classified as scientific and technical (articles, books, patents, technical reports, and descriptions), legal (such as regulations, decrees, and treaties), administrative (orders, instructions), and so on.

Documents may be of primary or of secondary nature (such as synopses, abstracts, annotations, or reviews). By the method of their processing, documents can be divided into semantic (translation, review, annotation) and non-semantic (copying, reproduction, microfilming). In information science, means of automated data-processing are developed, using documents stored in a computer’s memory.

The aggregate of documents dealing with a certain question, phenomenon, process, person, institution, and the like is called documentation.

The functioning of contemporary society and the process of production call for the creation and exchange of a great number of documents that are basically textual. The science of documentation deals with classification of documents and definition of the method of their composition and processing. In the USSR, the basic rules for the drafting and processing of documents for the government and public organizations and private persons dealing with these organizations are established by the State Standard (COST).

In a more limited sense, a document is an official paper certifying a certain fact or a title to something. Thus, in law, a document is often understood to be a written act, drafted in a legally prescribed form certifying facts of legal importance (the birth, educational level, or length of professional service of a person). In history scholarship, a document usually is written evidence testifying to certain facts, most often pertaining to the governmental system or public organizations.

REFERENCES

Mikhailov, A. I., A. I. Chernyi, and R. S. Giliarevskii. Osnovy informatiki, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1968.
Zhukovskaia, O. D., and B. A. Gol’tsev.Dokumentatsiia sovetskikh gosudarstvennykh uchrezhdenii. Moscow, 1970.
Bakharev, V. A., and G. N. Koriakin. Korrespondentsiia i deloproizvodstvo. Moscow, 1971.
Kibernetika i dokumentalistika. Moscow, 1966.

document

[′däk·yə·mənt]
(computer science)
Any record, printed or otherwise, that can be read by a human or a machine.
To prepare a written text and charts describing the purpose, nature, usage, and operation of a program or a system of programs.

document

(application)
Any specific type of file produced or edited by a specific application; usually capable of being printed. E.g. "Word document", "Photoshop document", etc.

document

(hypertext)
A term used on some systems (e.g. Intermedia) for a hypertext node. It is sometimes used for a collection of nodes on related topics, possibly stored or distributed as one.

document

(programming)
To write documentation on a certain piece of code.

document

(1) Originally, the term referred to only a file created in a word processor. When Apple introduced the Macintosh in the mid-1980s, it called every data file a document no matter which software application was used to create it. The terminology migrated to the Windows environment, which later provided a My Documents folder as the default storage location for all personal data. Default folders for pictures, music and videos are located in the My Documents folder. See template and style sheet.

(2) Any paper form whether printed, typed or handwritten that is used to transact business or make some official statement.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hardwick testified that requirements that individual contributions by shareholders must be regular, identifiable, documentable, separate and distinct introduce vague and unhelpful standards that are subject to different interpretations and are contrary to a common-sense approach to farm management and decision-making.
It is a constant battle to ensure that the claims made regarding sustainable projects under development are plausible and achievable, as well as measurable and documentable.
Despite its members' documentable suspicion of popular drama and especially its characteristic English mixed form, sneered at by Sidney, McCarthy argues that the Leicester Circle gave the budding young dramatist a major role in forwarding its political agenda.
When the student writes about the connection between materials, it makes the learning real and documentable, rather than staying trapped in the head asa feeling or an intuition.
The almost desperate closeup complicity that Margolis creates with the camera lends a ferocious ad lib immediacy to his running self-justifying commentary that is as endearing as it is delusional, making him a more benign, smarter Rupert Pupkin fated for documentable peculiarity instead of mass-media stardom.
imaginatively includes nonverbal realms of experience (images, rituals, performances) alongside the more readily documentable theologies, doctrines, and policies.
But the presence of alcohol in the initiations of local and National Interfraternity Conference (NIC) fraternities contributed to a documentable rise in initiation deaths.
Regardless of the extent to which that reputation deserves rehabilitation and the ratio of fiction to biography in Min's novel, the documentable facts regarding Tzu Hsi's life and rimes certainly provide the basis for a great story; they have already inspired numerous fiction and nonfiction works, a few movies, and Chinese Empress Barbie.
Results: The resulting health literacy "exit" competency assessment inventory comprised a 60 item questionnaire that addressed 11 topical areas that focused on documentable adolescent and young adult health needs.
The blatant innuendos that Sullivan's counsel was incompetent and biased because of "his own homophobic prejudice" is a highly improper and defamatory statement to make about a fellow attorney absent documentable proof.
Today, SI and NI loans are available to people who earn documentable wage or salary (W-2) income and not just self-employed borrowers.
Fiction's present, like its absence, is not a sociologically documentable fact.