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document

Computing a piece of text or text and graphics stored in a computer as a file for manipulation by document processing software

Document

A written, typed, or drawn record.

Document

 

a material object containing information in a fixed form and especially intended to be transmitted in time and space. The information may be carried on paper, punched cards, photographic film, magnetic tape, or other means. Documents may contain texts (in a natural or formalized language), images, sound-recorded information, or other representations of data. According to their contents, documents can be classified as scientific and technical (articles, books, patents, technical reports, and descriptions), legal (such as regulations, decrees, and treaties), administrative (orders, instructions), and so on.

Documents may be of primary or of secondary nature (such as synopses, abstracts, annotations, or reviews). By the method of their processing, documents can be divided into semantic (translation, review, annotation) and non-semantic (copying, reproduction, microfilming). In information science, means of automated data-processing are developed, using documents stored in a computer’s memory.

The aggregate of documents dealing with a certain question, phenomenon, process, person, institution, and the like is called documentation.

The functioning of contemporary society and the process of production call for the creation and exchange of a great number of documents that are basically textual. The science of documentation deals with classification of documents and definition of the method of their composition and processing. In the USSR, the basic rules for the drafting and processing of documents for the government and public organizations and private persons dealing with these organizations are established by the State Standard (COST).

In a more limited sense, a document is an official paper certifying a certain fact or a title to something. Thus, in law, a document is often understood to be a written act, drafted in a legally prescribed form certifying facts of legal importance (the birth, educational level, or length of professional service of a person). In history scholarship, a document usually is written evidence testifying to certain facts, most often pertaining to the governmental system or public organizations.

REFERENCES

Mikhailov, A. I., A. I. Chernyi, and R. S. Giliarevskii. Osnovy informatiki, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1968.
Zhukovskaia, O. D., and B. A. Gol’tsev.Dokumentatsiia sovetskikh gosudarstvennykh uchrezhdenii. Moscow, 1970.
Bakharev, V. A., and G. N. Koriakin. Korrespondentsiia i deloproizvodstvo. Moscow, 1971.
Kibernetika i dokumentalistika. Moscow, 1966.

document

[′däk·yə·mənt]
(computer science)
Any record, printed or otherwise, that can be read by a human or a machine.
To prepare a written text and charts describing the purpose, nature, usage, and operation of a program or a system of programs.

document

(application)
Any specific type of file produced or edited by a specific application; usually capable of being printed. E.g. "Word document", "Photoshop document", etc.

document

(hypertext)
A term used on some systems (e.g. Intermedia) for a hypertext node. It is sometimes used for a collection of nodes on related topics, possibly stored or distributed as one.

document

(programming)
To write documentation on a certain piece of code.

document

(1) Originally, the term referred to only a file created in a word processor. When Apple introduced the Macintosh in the mid-1980s, it called every data file a document no matter which software application was used to create it. The terminology migrated to the Windows environment, which later provided a My Documents folder as the default storage location for all personal data. Default folders for pictures, music and videos are located in the My Documents folder. See template and style sheet.

(2) Any paper form whether printed, typed or handwritten that is used to transact business or make some official statement.
References in periodicals archive ?
The fight against one-size-fits-all plans of documentable tasks such as parenting classes, substance abuse support groups and mental health treatment may require lengthy negotiation, (239) but determines the chance of reunification.
Second, studies show that when resources permit the pursuit of documentation, most of those diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder have documentable trauma in their backgrounds.
The new rule takes the labor and management requirement to an entirely new level by further mandating that this management be "separate and distinct" and "identifiable and documentable," but provides no clarification as to what this means, according to AFBF.
Despite these documentable cost savings, real average costs per item trended up initially after the implementation of Check 21 (see figure 2).
Furthermore, in the HIV setting, a proportion (~15-20%) of cHL presents at unusual sites such as liver or bone marrow, and in some cases, these maybe the only sites of documentable disease [5].
Many Latino/as and Mexicanos/as marching along side Asian and Southeast Asians fought to restore benefits for those who have given their labor to the economy, but because of the strict requirement to demonstrate ten years (40 qualifying quarters) of documented labor, most immigrant laborers were unable to remain eligible as their labor was often under-the-table, seasonal, or not documentable through traditional means.
Applications: Facial, eye area and body products where a documentable firming and anti-aging effect is desired
Accordingly, the conduct of states in the spring of 2008 did not have any documentable implications on customary international law.
This is the documentable schooling contextual tragedy that fuels male underperformance particularly for males of color.
Simple tests done to measure the urinary excretion of the metabolites of Krebs cycle and glycolytic pathways, mycotoxins, and hippuric acid in the subjects of his study would have shed much light on what was observable and documentable in the chemistry of those afflicted by the putative occupational mass psychogenic illness.
Centers for Disease Control (CDC) issued a report concluding that in East Woburn, where drinking water came from the contaminated wells, there were 12 documentable cases of childhood leukemia, when only 5.