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(formerly) the chief magistrate in the republics of Venice (until 1797) and Genoa (until 1805)



the head of the republic of Venice from the late seventh through the 18th centuries and of the republic of Genoa from the 14th through the 18th centuries. In Venice the doge was elected for a life term by the patriciate from among its own ranks through a system of indirect votes, and initially he had great power. After the attempts by some doges to transform their rule into a hereditary seigneury, the Venetian oligarchy gradually (12th-14th centuries) reduced the role of the doge to that of a figurehead. In Genoa the position of lifelong doge was introduced in 1339 but was limited to a term of two years in 1528.

References in periodicals archive ?
Galileo was immediately galvanised and asked Sarpi to caution the doge and the Venetians not to accept a device from anyone else until he could show them a better one of his own.
The Likeness of Venice: A Life of Doge Francesco Foscari, 1373-1457.
The Doges are depicted in their complexity as historical subjects, but their tragic downfalls culminate in both cases with the threat of the effacement of this complexity from the record of history.
Dogaresse were remembered primarily in the works of later writers who drew on legends that had grown especially around two disgraced doges, Marino Falier (1354-55) and Francesco Foscari (1423-55).
I would take the story further and add a further motive for the placing of the horses on the loggia and that is the deliberate use by the doges of St Mark's Square as a ceremonial hippodrome on the Byzantine model.
The palace served as the seat of government and residence of the Doges since the beginning of the Venetian Republic in the eighth century until its downfall in 1797.
This carefully researched, thoughtfully organized work suggests that the renovatio urbis of Venice, a term usually associated with the splendor promulgated by the sixteenth-century Doge Andrea Gritti and expressed first by Jacopo Sansovino and then Andrea Palladio, began in spirit and in stone in the preceding century.
When the Doge of the day got the decorators in, he made Derry Irvine look like a DIY amateur.
And it is no accident that Titian or Veronese are more famous today than all the Doges of Venice, because the ethos of Venice as realized in their very achievement, whatever the subject matter of particular paintings, stil l lives, long after the Venetian empire, its merchants and navies, have melted into oblivion.
In accordance with the imperial title assumed by doges after the conquest of Constantinople in 1204 -- "Doge of Venice.
The two theaters, as we know particularly from Mangini's work, belonged to Ettore Tron and to Alvise Michiel, members of patrician families that had both produced doges, although the Tron were relative latecomers to such an honored state.
The church used by the nuns, called now the chapel of San Tarasio, abutts onto a southern section of the choir in the main church, and it is above the tenth-century crypt that is the burial place of eight early doges.