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(formerly) the chief magistrate in the republics of Venice (until 1797) and Genoa (until 1805)



the head of the republic of Venice from the late seventh through the 18th centuries and of the republic of Genoa from the 14th through the 18th centuries. In Venice the doge was elected for a life term by the patriciate from among its own ranks through a system of indirect votes, and initially he had great power. After the attempts by some doges to transform their rule into a hereditary seigneury, the Venetian oligarchy gradually (12th-14th centuries) reduced the role of the doge to that of a figurehead. In Genoa the position of lifelong doge was introduced in 1339 but was limited to a term of two years in 1528.

References in periodicals archive ?
Rarely do books live up to their enthusiastic dust-jacket endorsements, but Dennis Romano's learned, detailed, and sophisticated study of the life and rule of Doge Francesco Foscari is an exception.
This concern with the problematic nature of the body in the Venetian tragedies is signaled by the physical frailty of their almost identical protagonists, two octogenarian Doges who struggle to transcend their physical bodies.
The opening chapter, based on the written oath of office (promissione ducale) taken by each doge after his election, discusses his wife's legal position.
The palace served as the seat of government and residence of the Doges since the beginning of the Venetian Republic in the eighth century until its downfall in 1797.
This carefully researched, thoughtfully organized work suggests that the renovatio urbis of Venice, a term usually associated with the splendor promulgated by the sixteenth-century Doge Andrea Gritti and expressed first by Jacopo Sansovino and then Andrea Palladio, began in spirit and in stone in the preceding century.
When the Doge of the day got the decorators in, he made Derry Irvine look like a DIY amateur.
Giovanni e Paolo providing a site where doges and nobles "could intersect with monumental visibility" (149) not possible at S.
The voting members of the council consisted not only of the ten men elected annually, but also of the doge and his six counselors, so that the votes of 15 of 17 voting members would be necessary for such permission to be granted, an almost hopeless number to achieve.
An investigation of the typology and chronology of both canonical and political elections, starring at the apex with papal elections, comparing the different forms of male religious elections with their female counterparts, and moving across to political elections such as those of the doge in Venice and the heads and officers of state in other Italian republics such as Florence, on the face of it seems more fruitful.
When Domenico Dandolo, forebear of Doges Francesco and Andrea Dandolo, acquired the relic of the hermit San Tarasio in the early eleventh century, he had to compete with holy robbers from another city.
Otto was the son of the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa and, according to the Venetian legend, had persuaded his father to accept the doges offer to make his peace with Pope Alexander III, a Venetian ally, in 1177.
4] The oath taken by the doge upon election spelled out numerous restrictions on his authority, and, in principle, he could do nothing without the consent of his councillors.