Applying RICO to dogfighters could yield many benefits.
See Hamilton, supra note 8, at 14, 16-17 (describing participants as "insular criminal networks" and as a close-knit group of dogfighters covering a multistate region); Black's Law Dictionary 1210 (9th ed.
This was not the first suggestion that RICO could be applied to dogfighters.
Dogfighters consider the term "dogmen" to denote a kind of professional respect for another dogfighter or breeder.
Dogfighters prey on this unusually strong desire to please as a means of encouraging "gameness" or tenacity in the pit, turning the dog's love into the instrument of its own torment.
HSMo, supra note 94, at 8; Hamilton, supra note 8, at 17 (quoting undercover investigators saying dogfighters "spend months with a dog and smile before a fight and talk about how good they are.
Dogfighters commonly use steroids as well as various other controlled substances to enhance "training.
Ortiz notes difficulties including unwilling witnesses, the rarity of catching dogfighters during actual dogfights, and the common need to prove that the defendant actually caused the dogfight.
Reliance on tertiary, non-animal-cruelty crimes may greatly enhance the ability to build a case against dogfighters regardless of if prosecutors utilize RICO.
230) For example, if a dogfighter were to inject his dogs with illegal drugs such as steroids, the related drug offenses could form one or more predicate offenses to help establish a pattern of racketeering.
282) As a result, the worst that befalls a dogfighter is the loss of valuable breeding stock and time invested in training.
One dogfighter compares professional fighters to the Mafia and streetfighters to gangs.