dolmen


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dolmen

(dŏl`mĕn, dōl–) [Breton,=stone table], burial chamber consisting of two or more upright stone slabs supporting a capstone or table, typical of the Neolithic period in Europe. See megalithic monumentsmegalithic monument
[Gr.,=large stone], in archaeology, a construction involving one or several roughly hewn stone slabs of great size; it is usually of prehistoric antiquity.
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Dolmen

Several large stones capped with a covering slab, as those erected in prehistoric times.

Dolmen

 

an ancient burial structure, one of the types of megalithic structures. Dolmens were built from huge stone slabs weighing tens of thousands of kilograms placed vertically and supporting one or several flat slabs. They were one of the first examples of integral architectural composition based on the laws of architectonics. Dolmens usually contained the remains of several dead with stone or bronze weapons and ornaments. Some dolmens were used for burials over a few decades or even centuries. It is assumed that they were originally constructed for the burial of tribal elders. According to another hypothesis, they initially served as tribal sanctuaries and only later were converted into burial places. Dolmens are widespread in the coastal regions of Europe, North Africa, and Asia. In the USSR they are found along the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus and in the Crimea. In Europe and North Africa dolmens date from the Bronze Age; in India and Japan, from the Iron Age; and in the Caucasus, from the Early and Middle Bronze Age (the second and third millennia B.C.), with some built as late as the first millennium B.C.

REFERENCES

Kuftin, B. A. MaterialykarkheologiiKolkhidy, vol. 1. Tbilisi, 1949. Lavrov, L. I. “Dol’meny severo-zapadnogo Kavkaza.” In Tr. Aokhazkogo instituta iazyka, literatury i istorii, vol. 31. Sukhumi, 1960.
Childe, V. G. U istokov evropeiskoi tsivilizatsii. Moscow, 1952. (Translated from English.)
Vseobshchaia istoriia arkhitektury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1944. Pages 24-25.

A. L. MONGAIT

dolmen, table stone

A prehistoric tomb of standing stones, usually capped with a large horizontal slab.

dolmen

1. (in British archaeology) a Neolithic stone formation, consisting of a horizontal stone supported by several vertical stones, and thought to be a tomb
2. (in French archaeology) any megalithic tomb
References in periodicals archive ?
La segunda a la modificacion de la arquitectura en la zona de la camara, la amortizacion del corredor y su reutilizacion a modo de dolmen simple hasta el definitivo abandono de la estructura funeraria.
Other dolmen tombs were unearthed to the northwest of Nawa city where a large number of the Neolithic cemeteries were built," Abu Noktah said.
In one place, where the rock was of poor quality, the trench was excavated as usual, and then a dolmen with drystone walls was built within it, below ground level and concealed from sight.
Pursuing a vision to become one of the biggest real estate companies in Lebanon and the Middle East, Dolmen s.
There is a tradition that an avenue of stones formerly led up to the Henblas Dolmen from the river below.
Cliff Osenton, from Banbury in Oxfordshire, has spent twenty-five years exploring the construction of dolmens -- the distinctive megalithic form of burial chamber consisting of three upright stones (ortholiths) surmounted by a large flat capstone that might weigh forty tonnes or more, and all originally covered with an earthen mound which in many cases now has eroded away totally.
The impressive Browneshill Dolmen is believed to be the largest capstone in Europe.
KARACHI -- By The Way, a fashion brand, has opened its first-ever store out of Lahore, in the city of lights; Karachi at Dolmen Mall, Clifton.
A talk on A Concise History of Pakistan, a book written by Muhammad Reza Kazimi, at the Oxford Bookshop, Dolmen Mall, Clifton, at 6pm.
ISLAMABAD -- Customers crowded Dolmen Mall in an effort to avail price cuts and discounts offered by retail stores on the occasion of Black Friday.
South Asia's first Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT), Dolmen City REIT, managed by Arif Habib Dolmen REIT Management Limited, has declared a cash dividend of Rs 2.
It has fruitfully put up green-field projects counting Aisha Steel Mills, Fatima Fertilizer, Safe Mix Concrete and Dolmen City.