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1. Genetics
a. (of an allele) producing the same phenotype in the organism irrespective of whether the allele of the same gene is identical or dissimilar
b. (of a character) controlled by such a gene
2. Music of or relating to the fifth degree of a scale
3. Ecology (of a plant or animal species within a community) more prevalent than any other species and determining the appearance and composition of the community
4. Genetics
a. a dominant allele or character
b. an organism having such an allele or character
5. Music
a. the fifth degree of a scale and the second in importance after the tonic
b. a key or chord based on this
6. Ecology a dominant plant or animal in a community



(in architecture), the major element in the composition of an ensemble. It is usually a tall building, for example, the main building of Moscow State University on Lenin Hills in Moscow, or the vertical part of one of the buildings, such as the tower and spire of the Admiralty Building in Leningrad. Rising above the surrounding structures, the dominant marks the focal point in the spatial arrangement of the ensemble.



(in music), a harmonic function of a major or minor scale exhibiting a strong tendency toward the tonic. The fifth degree of the scale is the basis of the dominant chord and is itself called the dominant. Chords built on the seventh and third degrees of the scale also fulfill the function of a dominant. The tendency of dominant chords toward the tonic is related to the presence of the leading tone in the chords. The resolution of the dominant into the tonic establishes the tonality with greatest certainty. The tonality whose tonic is the basic dominant is called dominant.



in physiology, a focus of excitation in the central nervous system that temporarily determines the nature of the body’s response to external and internal stimulation.

The dominant nerve center (or group of centers) is highly excitable and capable of maintaining this elevated excitability for a long time—even after the initial stimulus is no longer active. While summing the relatively weak stimuli of other centers, the dominant simultaneously exerts an inhibitory effect on them. Under natural conditions the dominant is formed under the influence of reflex excitation or after certain hormones have acted on the nerve centers. A dominant can be created experimentally by applying a weak electric current or certain drugs directly to the nerve centers. The dominance of some nerve centers over others was first described by N. E. Vvedenskii in 1881.

In elucidating the mechanisms of formation of conditioned reflexes, I. P. Pavlov pointed out that the sustained elevation of excitability of various regions of the cerebral cortex largely determines the dynamics of higher nervous activity both in pathology and in health. A. A. Ukhtomskii formulated the main elements of the theory of the dominant as a general principle of function of nerve centers on the basis of experiments that he and his co-workers performed between 1911 and 1923. The function of a dominant is made apparent in the readiness of an organ to function and maintain its functional state. The dominant in the higher brain centers is the physiological basis of a number of mental phenomena, such as attention.


Ukhtomskii, A. A. Dominanta. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
Mekhaniimy dominanty. Leningrad, 1967. (Symposium materials.)


References in periodicals archive ?
The number of patients diagnosed with osteoporosis increased from 16 to 20 if we scanned both the dominant and nondominant forearm, compared with scanning just the dominant side alone in the situation of a nondominant wrist fracture," the researchers wrote in their poster.
The Londoners have just lifted the cup for a record 13th time but the victory papered over the cracks at a once dominant side with Arsenal currently rock bottom of the Women's Super League with just one point from their opening four fixtures.
As an away side that makes us a very dominant side and some of our football was as good as we have played with our interlinking and our play.
Saudi Arabia were unable to find any way to counteract Mendes' dominant side, instead, Ali Karim kept piling on the misery.
But the Bucks were the dominant side for the majority of Tuesday's 1-1 draw at home to Barrow and with the added cutting edge provided by Jones they may have a little too much for Hyde, who could still be smarting from throwing away a two-goal lead in a 3-2 midweek defeat at Macclesfield.
Now, everyone is judged by the World Cup, yet how many times has the dominant side in the world turned up at the tournament and been knocked out?
The Reds were the dominant side in England at that time and their Candy-sponsored red strip was worn the last time 'Pool won the title.
Even though they were the dominant side Wales ended on the wrong end of the penalty count, conceding 13 to 12 and Gatland could not hide his disappointment.
They've been the dominant side in the Vase for the last few years, and that's brilliant.
Yet Hull, despite injuries restricting coach Richard Agar's selection, were the dominant side thereafter and fully deserved a victory which maintained their recent revival.
We've talked and listened to referees who have told us they will favour the dominant side in the scrum, but that just didn't happen tonight.
In the opening half it looked a classic case of how many Airbus were going to win by as they were clearly the dominant side.

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