Dominant

(redirected from dominant side)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.
Related to dominant side: right hander

dominant

1. Genetics
a. (of an allele) producing the same phenotype in the organism irrespective of whether the allele of the same gene is identical or dissimilar
b. (of a character) controlled by such a gene
2. Music of or relating to the fifth degree of a scale
3. Ecology (of a plant or animal species within a community) more prevalent than any other species and determining the appearance and composition of the community
4. Genetics
a. a dominant allele or character
b. an organism having such an allele or character
5. Music
a. the fifth degree of a scale and the second in importance after the tonic
b. a key or chord based on this
6. Ecology a dominant plant or animal in a community

Dominant

 

(in architecture), the major element in the composition of an ensemble. It is usually a tall building, for example, the main building of Moscow State University on Lenin Hills in Moscow, or the vertical part of one of the buildings, such as the tower and spire of the Admiralty Building in Leningrad. Rising above the surrounding structures, the dominant marks the focal point in the spatial arrangement of the ensemble.


Dominant

 

(in music), a harmonic function of a major or minor scale exhibiting a strong tendency toward the tonic. The fifth degree of the scale is the basis of the dominant chord and is itself called the dominant. Chords built on the seventh and third degrees of the scale also fulfill the function of a dominant. The tendency of dominant chords toward the tonic is related to the presence of the leading tone in the chords. The resolution of the dominant into the tonic establishes the tonality with greatest certainty. The tonality whose tonic is the basic dominant is called dominant.


Dominant

 

in physiology, a focus of excitation in the central nervous system that temporarily determines the nature of the body’s response to external and internal stimulation.

The dominant nerve center (or group of centers) is highly excitable and capable of maintaining this elevated excitability for a long time—even after the initial stimulus is no longer active. While summing the relatively weak stimuli of other centers, the dominant simultaneously exerts an inhibitory effect on them. Under natural conditions the dominant is formed under the influence of reflex excitation or after certain hormones have acted on the nerve centers. A dominant can be created experimentally by applying a weak electric current or certain drugs directly to the nerve centers. The dominance of some nerve centers over others was first described by N. E. Vvedenskii in 1881.

In elucidating the mechanisms of formation of conditioned reflexes, I. P. Pavlov pointed out that the sustained elevation of excitability of various regions of the cerebral cortex largely determines the dynamics of higher nervous activity both in pathology and in health. A. A. Ukhtomskii formulated the main elements of the theory of the dominant as a general principle of function of nerve centers on the basis of experiments that he and his co-workers performed between 1911 and 1923. The function of a dominant is made apparent in the readiness of an organ to function and maintain its functional state. The dominant in the higher brain centers is the physiological basis of a number of mental phenomena, such as attention.

REFERENCES

Ukhtomskii, A. A. Dominanta. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
Mekhaniimy dominanty. Leningrad, 1967. (Symposium materials.)

N. G. ALEKSEEV and M. IU. UL’IANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
On the non dominant side arthodesis is done at 50-70 degree flexion which is a better position for some professions and also gives better cosmetic appearance.
Comparison of Scapular Resting Position in Racquet Players Between Dominant and Non-dominant Sides (a) Spino-Scapular Groups Distance, cm Dominant Side Non-Dominant Side At level of spine of 8.
Brain research has confirmed that just as you have a dominant hand, eye, and even a dominant foot, you probably have a dominant side of your brain.
West End were the much more dominant side in the second period but were guilty of squandering several good chances to make the game comfortable.
Promoted Freiburg were the dominant side, missing several good scoring opportunities.
The 42-year-old, who has had two spells as Pakistan coach, said: "We have a fantastic challenge to not only get Middlesex back into Division One of the County Championship but to work toward becoming the dominant side in the short form.
More cases of osteoporosis were diagnosed when both forearms were scanned with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) than when the dominant side alone was scanned, Pam Johnson reported during a poster session at the annual meeting of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry.
But if someone doesn't have a defined path to follow and can't see a final destination, the person will curve toward his or her dominant side.
Barkers looked the dominant side and showed some promising signs although the flow of the game was constantly disrupted by errors in the deteriorating conditions.
It's coming into vogue in some circles to carry the handgun on the dominant side and the knife opposite, so if you have to defend yourself against a disarming attempt, you can use the support hand to cut the attacking limb.
The hosts were the dominant side in the opening 45 minutes and looked good value for their lead at the break.

Full browser ?