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1. Genetics
a. (of an allele) producing the same phenotype in the organism irrespective of whether the allele of the same gene is identical or dissimilar
b. (of a character) controlled by such a gene
2. Music of or relating to the fifth degree of a scale
3. Ecology (of a plant or animal species within a community) more prevalent than any other species and determining the appearance and composition of the community
4. Genetics
a. a dominant allele or character
b. an organism having such an allele or character
5. Music
a. the fifth degree of a scale and the second in importance after the tonic
b. a key or chord based on this
6. Ecology a dominant plant or animal in a community



(in architecture), the major element in the composition of an ensemble. It is usually a tall building, for example, the main building of Moscow State University on Lenin Hills in Moscow, or the vertical part of one of the buildings, such as the tower and spire of the Admiralty Building in Leningrad. Rising above the surrounding structures, the dominant marks the focal point in the spatial arrangement of the ensemble.



(in music), a harmonic function of a major or minor scale exhibiting a strong tendency toward the tonic. The fifth degree of the scale is the basis of the dominant chord and is itself called the dominant. Chords built on the seventh and third degrees of the scale also fulfill the function of a dominant. The tendency of dominant chords toward the tonic is related to the presence of the leading tone in the chords. The resolution of the dominant into the tonic establishes the tonality with greatest certainty. The tonality whose tonic is the basic dominant is called dominant.



in physiology, a focus of excitation in the central nervous system that temporarily determines the nature of the body’s response to external and internal stimulation.

The dominant nerve center (or group of centers) is highly excitable and capable of maintaining this elevated excitability for a long time—even after the initial stimulus is no longer active. While summing the relatively weak stimuli of other centers, the dominant simultaneously exerts an inhibitory effect on them. Under natural conditions the dominant is formed under the influence of reflex excitation or after certain hormones have acted on the nerve centers. A dominant can be created experimentally by applying a weak electric current or certain drugs directly to the nerve centers. The dominance of some nerve centers over others was first described by N. E. Vvedenskii in 1881.

In elucidating the mechanisms of formation of conditioned reflexes, I. P. Pavlov pointed out that the sustained elevation of excitability of various regions of the cerebral cortex largely determines the dynamics of higher nervous activity both in pathology and in health. A. A. Ukhtomskii formulated the main elements of the theory of the dominant as a general principle of function of nerve centers on the basis of experiments that he and his co-workers performed between 1911 and 1923. The function of a dominant is made apparent in the readiness of an organ to function and maintain its functional state. The dominant in the higher brain centers is the physiological basis of a number of mental phenomena, such as attention.


Ukhtomskii, A. A. Dominanta. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
Mekhaniimy dominanty. Leningrad, 1967. (Symposium materials.)


References in periodicals archive ?
One wonders, though, how graduates of these schools manage in our dominantly secularist colleges and universities, or whether they simply avoid them.
There is a relative directness about the English language--as Robert Kaplan saw it, a dominantly linear pattern of thought and discourse (Kaplan, 1966)--that seems to serve the dual purpose of getting things said and getting the job done.
Nevertheless, these conclusions do not negate the hypothesis that hotspot trails dominantly reflect plate motions.
What benefits are our readers--who are dominantly systems integrators--going to experience from instituting a SAS capability within their organizations?
The strong form remains dominantly there, yet the glass walls allow the public to filter through, to wait and meet, to buy tickets and catalogues.
A mixed bag of eight essays, with introduction, by a dominantly Canadian set of contributors.
He was disappointed when the party became dominantly pro-choice, but economic and other social issues outweighed abortion for him.
GOLD Dominantly sailed rival Scheidt to the back of the field in the medal race to clinch his first gold and earn his reputation as one of the toughest competitors.
Bateman and his colleagues from the Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network is another remarkable work, providing unprecedented insight into the sequence of events in the same cohort with regard to biomarkers, imaging, and cognition in advance of symptoms, and using all the tools now in our arsenal: brain imaging, cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers, brain metabolism, and cognitive measures.
The Scoping Study will focus dominantly on the metallurgical extraction and recovery of platinum using gravity methods.
I am dominantly left-handed, but when I play the piano my right hand has more facility than my left.
The hard thing is the way the game is played and refereed in the English Premiership, it is dominantly refereed towards the attacking side which often makes it difficult for genuine sevens to get into the game.