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(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

There is a belief that everyone has an exact double somewhere in the world and that, if ever one should come face to face with that double, it is a sign that he or she will die. John Aubrey (1626-1697), the antiquary, in his Miscellanies (1696), tells of Lady Diana Rich meeting her double while walking in the grounds of Holland House, London. A month later she was dead. Eric Maple, in Man, Myth and Magic, says that when the Empress Catherine the Great saw her double advancing upon her, she ordered her guards to open fire on it.

Such a duplicate of oneself is known as a doppelgänger, or "walking double." The English painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882) depicted a meeting between a man and a woman and their doppelgängers, showing one of the women fainting, in his painting How They Met Themselves.

In the Salem witch trials, one of the major debating points was the admission of "spectral evidence." This was a belief that a witch could be observed by witnesses as being innocently occupied in one location, but a duplicate of the witch could be in another place, working mischief. Spectral evidence was, after some small debate, admitted, and a number of people were put to death on that basis. Such evidence was not restricted to New England. Kitteridge says, "Spectral evidence was admitted, for example, in England, either in examinations or in actual trials, in 1593, 1612, 1616, 1621, 1633, 1645, 1650, 1653, 1654, 1658, 1660, 1661, 1663, 1664, 1665, 1667, 1670, 1672, 1673, 1680, 1682, 1683. Even Justice Holt, whose honorable record in procuring the acquittal of every witch he tried is well known, did not exclude spectral evidence."

References in periodicals archive ?
Here the doppelgangers within the single man do not coexist simultaneously, but emerge over time; nevertheless a family tree of doppelgangers is constructed, for not only is Ettlinger presented in doubled form, but Kreisler, the hero of Kater Murr and Hoffman's own doppelganger, addresses Ettlinger's imagined image as "my dear doppelganger.
4) Thus, not only is the Doppelganger, in the sense described above, operative in Benjamin; its operative presence counters the utopian project of giving content to the future.
uk but please don't forget to tell us who your famous doppelganger is.
The shift to Doppelganger will also be accompanied by a return to its initial 1796 definition by the German writer Johann Paul Friedrich Richter: "So heissen Leute, die sich selbst sehen" (42)--such is the name given to people who see their own selves.
Under the law, the WTO can't do much about its leftist doppelganger.
Unless the entire book is the fantasy of Etan, a Nate doppelganger introduced at the end of the book, itself a revision of the beginning, in which Etan, infatuated with Noel, tries his luck with a Noel replica named George.
In the Dance section, both dancers cavort with foam-stuffed doppelganger dummies that allow them to dance with themselves or drag and pitch their partners into the wings with no regrets, providing plenty of laughs for the audience.
With its Romantic beginnings in animal magnetism, in sentimental theories of Sympathie, and in the still soft science of psychology, and its rebirth and alleged demystification a century later in Freudian Modernism, the story of the Doppelganger is not a simple one, and Andrew J.
The doppelganger became a popular symbol in 18th- and 19th-century horror literature, and the theme took on considerable complexity.
com/2017/10/04/stella-mccartney-fashion-tech-lab-google/) Arts & Culture app now matches people's selfies with a museum art portrait that features their doppelganger.
A girls' magazine lavished a makeover fit for a Miss Universe on Glenn Krishnan, Miss Universe 2015 Pia Wurtzbach's viral doppelganger.