vertebral column

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vertebral column:

see spinal columnspinal column,
bony column forming the main structural support of the skeleton of humans and other vertebrates, also known as the vertebral column or backbone. It consists of segments known as vertebrae linked by intervertebral disks and held together by ligaments.
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vertebral column

[′vərd·ə·brəl ′käl·əm]
(anatomy)
References in periodicals archive ?
9) in SL; first three dorsal spines subequal, the longest, 2.
The first and second dorsal spines were shorter than the third and fourth spines.
Tibiae I-IV with 2 ventral spines distally, metatarsi I and II with 1 dorsal spine and 2 ventral spines distally, metatarsi III and IV without dorsal spine, with 2 ventral spines and 1 prolateral spine, and 1 retrolateral spine distally.
Growth of grey triggerfish, Balistes capriscus, based on growth checks of the dorsal spine.
Description: Descriptions of this species indicate considerable variation in the shape, length, and number of lateral and dorsal spines (Ramazzotti & Maucci 1983).
The depth was measured just in front of the anal fin to the extreme base of the dorsal spines.
Other distinguishing characters include: fourth dorsal spine longest 2.
Origin of dorsal fin above third lateral line scale; first dorsal spine 4.
Age and growth of sailfish, Istiophorus platypterus, using cross section from the fourth dorsal spine.
Spination of legs: All femora with two strong dorsal spines and 2-3 short lateral spines on both sides; tibiae I-II with six long, strong pairs of ventral spines, one long retrolateral spine, and one subdistal dorsal spine; metatarsi I-II with 3 pairs of very long ventral spines in the basal half and few shorter ventral and lateral spines; patellae, tibiae and metatarsi III-IV irregularly covered with comparatively weak and short spines, very different from the very long and strong ventral spines of legs I-II.
3 in head length; color in preservative dark purplish brown anteriorly to a near-vertical demarcation usually at or slightly posterior to origin of anal fin (but rarely distinctly anterior to anal-fin origin), ending on average at base of ninth dorsal spine, pale beige posteriorly, the median fins colored like adjacent body; a black spot over base and axil of pectoral fins; color in life very dark gray-brown anteriorly, abruptly white posteriorly, usually with wash of pale yellow over the anterior white, especially dorsally.