(redirected from doughy)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.



a mixture used in the bread-baking, baranka (Russian national baked goods), confectionery, and macaroni industries, as well as in the preparation of baked goods in the home. Dough is made by mixing flour, water, yeast, salt, sugar, shortening, and other ingredients. It contains proteins, carbohydrates, fats, acids, and salts in various states—as expanding colloids, suspensions, and solutions.

In the bread-baking industry, dough is prepared with fermenting agents. In rye-flour dough, ferments are used, and in wheat-flour dough, yeast in liquid, cake, or dry form. The fermenting process, which occurs through the action of alcohol and acid, makes the dough light, gives it necessary physical and chemical characteristics, and provides bread with its pleasant taste and aroma. Wheat-flour dough is made either with or without leavening, whereas rye-flour dough is fermented with a starter or other fermenting agent.

In making rolls and pastries with wheat flour, such ingredients as fat, sugar, eggs, and flavoring are added to the dough, besides yeast and salt. This improves the taste, aroma, and nutritional value of these products.

The dough for most confectionery products is prepared without fermentation but with increased amounts of sugar, fat, eggs, and other ingredients. For many types of confectionery products, such as gingerbread and cookies, the dough is leavened with chemical leavening agents. The paste or dough for macaroni is not fermented, whereas the dough for baranki undergoes fermentation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Bell used food colouring to turn his bagels a moss-green and says the doughy delights taste exactly the same as the regular-coloured variety.
Not for her, though, or for any of them--the doughy father or
Tesco's offer (**) had more flavour but was too doughy and was covered in Rorschach-esque slightly damp grey patches.
But the bun is bigger, denser, swaddling the dog in a doughy embrace.
Which doughy material used as a filler is produced from crushed chalk and linseed oil?
My characters are mostly doughy, big-hearted Cincinnatians, wrestling with the news and the way it trickles down into their hard-working lives.
You just can't beat that doughy texture and slight sweetness of those things.
Fried chicken, doughy dinner rolls, so much food I had to push the plate
If a child with diarrhea shows signs of dehydration--decreased urine output, no tears, dry mouth, and doughy skin--then seek immediate medical help.
NICE and doughy with a gentle flavour of cinnamon and particularly delicious topped with butter.
The Advanced Boot System offers lateral support to reduce potential nerve damage and the Boot Liner is constructed of doughy soft material that fully encapsulates the patient's foot.