dower

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dower,

that portion of a deceased husband's real propertyproperty,
rights to the enjoyment of things of economic value, whether the enjoyment is exclusive or shared, present or prospective. The rightful possession of such rights is called ownership.
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 that a widow is legally entitled to use during her lifetime to support herself and their children. A wife may claim the dower if her husband dies without a will or if she dissents from the will. At common law, dower consists of a one-third interest in all the land that the husband owned during the marriage. In many states of the United States dower rights have been abolished and other provisions, especially rights of inheritance, have been made for the widow. Where it still exists, the dower right attaches to the land as soon as it comes into the husband's possession; for that reason it cannot be defeated by a conveyance of the land by the husband in his lifetime unless his wife joins in the deed. If the wife is the guilty party in a divorce or the marriage is annulled, the right of the wife to dower is ended. The husband's lifetime use of his deceased wife's property, a right that is contingent on the birth of lawful issue, is known as curtesy.

dower

the life interest in a part of her husband's estate allotted to a widow by law
References in classic literature ?
Agamemnon has three daughters, Chrysothemis, Laodice, and Iphianassa; you may take the one of your choice, freely and without gifts of wooing, to the house of Peleus; he will add such dower to boot as no man ever yet gave his daughter, and will give you seven well-established cities, Cardamyle, Enope, and Hire where there is grass; holy Pheras and the rich meadows of Anthea; Aepea also, and the vine-clad slopes of Pedasus, all near the sea, and on the borders of sandy Pylos.
At that point, minister of justice, Arthur Dowers, called in the riot police, who appeared to use excessive force against the largely peaceful crowd.
September's front-runners were both present in the Senior Rotax field, but the opening heat still threw up an unexpected result as Sebastian Hutchinson headed home Matthew Dowers and David Entwhistle.
MSHA's detractors note that it is not sufficiently using the regulatory Dowers it has, and wasting its resources at mines where the "safety violations" consist of writing citations for "unflushed toilets and trash can lids that are ajar.
hunters and outdoor enthusiasts Offered in three Dowers (8x32mm, 4x42mm, 10x50mm), each have BAK-4 FMC coated prisms for maximum light transmission and sharp, high contrast images.
Budgens has recruited Sainsbury bakery buyer Nick Hill as senior bakery buyer, replacing Lee Dowers who has left the retailer.
Car mechanic Eric Dowers, 42, and wife Janice, 33, kept 83 decomposing pets, including 63 turtles and tortoises, stuffed in an old freezer and tanks at their two-bedroomed semi.
Eric Dowers (42), and his wife Janice (38), of Tydd St Giles near Wisbech, Cambs, were each given 35-day jail sentences and banned for life from keeping animals following a hearing before magistrates in Wisbech, said an RSPCA spokeswoman.
Adapted from ``Caprial's Soups and Sandwiches'' by Caprial Pence and Mark Dowers.
Dowers as Chief Geologist for the Reno Creek Uranium Project in Wyoming.
We would ask the following people to contact us to give us their full addresses so we can return their original cheques, in order for new ones to be issued: Mrs I V Dowers, Mr E W Alexander and Mrs J P Alexander, C G Rees, K Jenkins, C R Cradick, and B F Slocombe and Mrs P J Slocombe.